The Research of the Countryside Public Product Supplies in Our Country New Rural Reconstruction
|School||Shandong Normal University|
|Course||Marxism in China|
|Keywords||New rural construction Public goods Township government Supply|
Pointed out that in 2010 the Central Document \distribution pattern, expand rural demand as a key measure to stimulate domestic demand, the development of modern agriculture as a major task for the transformation of economic development mode, building a new socialist countryside and promote urbanization as the lasting power to maintain steady and rapid economic development unrelenting efforts to agricultural and rural work, and continue to make new contributions to the overall situation of reform, development and stability. This major strategic decisions of great significance to realize the coordinated development of urban and rural areas and common prosperity to solve the \Agriculture, rural areas and farmers is the biggest problem in China, while the effective supply of rural public goods is the key to solve the \To do this in the context of the era of building a new socialist countryside, proceeding from the perspective of the township government, increase the effective supply of rural public goods is imminent. The basic idea of ??this paper are: First, the basic theory of socialist new countryside and rural public goods supply elaborated, followed by the emphasis on the supply of public goods in rural areas in the development and evaluation of the different periods, after the analysis of new rural construction in rural public product supply situation, including what has been achieved and the existing problems, the last from the point of view of the township government on the basis of the analysis of the cause of such condition, cause perfect rural public product supply countermeasures path. This paper is divided into five parts. The first part of the basic theory of the socialist new rural construction and rural public goods supply, pointed out that the specific content of the new socialist countryside construction, as well as public service and product, the content of public goods in rural areas and characteristics, and supply of public goods theoretical foundation do a brief summary. The second part describes the history of rural public goods supply, mainly from the people's communes during the period of the household contract responsibility system, the tax reform after three stages to elaborate. Each period has different characteristics, since the abolition of agricultural taxes, the supply of public goods in rural areas has made the development of a large extent, but there are still many problems to be solved. The third part of the supply of public goods in rural areas in China's new rural construction status quo. Rural public goods has made remarkable achievements, but there are still a lot of problems. Public total irrational supply structure, supply channels for a single supply inefficient supply between urban and rural areas is not balanced. The fourth part of the reasons for the lag in the supply of public goods in rural areas in China's new rural construction. Specific analysis the peasants factors, social structural factors, the township government, financial, regulatory and decision-making mechanisms. The fifth part is the focus of this article is from the perspective of the township government to analyze how to improve and increase the supply of public goods in rural countermeasures and path. Proposed to expand the supply of public goods channels, establish and improve the demand expression mechanism to build a wide range of supply pattern, and measures to improve the incentives, constraints and expression mechanisms.