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A Psychoanalytic Study of Holden in the Catcher in the Rye from a Freudian Perspective

Author XiaDan
Tutor TianQiang
School Harbin Institute of Technology
Course English Language and Literature
Keywords Salinger The Catcher in the Rye Holden Caulfield Freud's structural model Psychoanalysis
Type Master's thesis
Year 2010
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Works by influential American writers JD Salinger, completed in 1951, \The novel vividly show works as the American youth representatives of that era Holden Caulfield faced from childhood to adulthood transition process experienced loneliness, frustration, loss and alienation. In this paper, Freud's structural model for the theoretical framework, from the perspective of the psychoanalytic study Holden characters. Freud believed that human behavior and personality is largely a manifestation of it is difficult to realize that the psychological forces (Freud 23). According to Freud's theory of structural model analysis of Holden's personality structure, Holden this, self, super inherent contradictions between me and the three. This paper argues that Holden's self in the coordination of the ultra relationship is less compared his ideas with the I prefer superego control. Holden tried in the adult world seeking the identity and status, reflected in his struggle between childhood and adulthood, the failure of the contradiction between their identity exploration in the uncertainty of the future direction of life, identity access and identity diffusion. On the basis of this study, the Holden in the world of childhood innocence full complexity of the adult world in the difficult road. He grew slow and painful process, because it is not psychologically fully prepared to obtain the identity of the adult. The authors also resolve this protagonist from the point of view of psychoanalysis as the image of the Soul Catcher. Holden's psychological crisis caused its alienated and school, family education and hypocritical world failed. Holden deaf fantasies and illusions of the Catcher in the Rye to pursue pure soul. However, Holden's tragedy is that he himself has not formed to replace what he saw as the hypocrisy of the adult world in the values ??system. Both unable to live a meaningful life and can not find a suitable position in society, Holden destined to be a compromise to the community. Ultimately, Holden reshape identity through the power of love and own epiphany. The first chapter describes the background information of \point of view to explore Holden's life experiences as a Soul Catcher, experience confusion and ultimately compromise with relief.

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