Study on Optimal Decisions and Allocation of Profits for the Supply Chain with the Participation of 3PL
|School||Huazhong University of Science and Technology|
|Course||Management Science and Engineering|
|Keywords||the third party logistics Supply Chain management Game Theory|
With the development of science and technology and customers’high requirements on product quality and continuous improvement of delivery, on the one hand, the competition between enterprises becomes the competition between supply chains, on the other hand, companies’sells their non-core businesses to the third party logistics business to focus on their core business. In order to improve the competitiveness of the supply chain, the third party becomes and more and more third party companies participate in the competition between enterprises to improve the management the supply chain. This paper studies on the participation of the 3PL, the optimal decisions of the companies and the profits allocation of supplyFirstly, this paper summaries the supply chain collaborative management with the participation of 3PL in domestic and abroad; then, deficiencies of these studies are outlined. Starting from the deficiencies of these studies, and with the 3PL theory, gaming theory, supply chain management theory, this paper establish the three level supply chain management model. After that we use the Game theory and Optimization method to analyses the model, calculating the optimal decisions of the node companies in the supply chain. Then, we can see with the deepening cooperation of the supply chain, the profits increase. Finally, this paper calculated the nodes companies’profits with the methods of revenue sharing methods, Nash negotiation model and MSCR model, then we use numerical examples to study the characteristics of the three methods. Basing on these methods, this paper proposed a new method of income allocation The conclusions of this paper not only enrich the theory of supply chain management, but also tell our companies how to determine the price and how to manage the supply chain in the real world.