Aresearch on Sustainable Development of Grassland Animal Husbandry in Inner Mongolia
|School||Inner Mongolia Finance and Economics College|
|Keywords||Inner Mongolia grassland animal husbandry sustainable development|
Seventeenth Party Congress clearly put forward to the basic requirements of scientific development concept is a comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development, in accordance with the overall layout of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and comprehensively promote economic construction, political construction and cultural construction, and promote all aspects of modernization and aspects of coordination. Adhere to the development of production and living well off the road of civilized development, building resource-saving and environment-friendly society, achieve economic development and population resources and environment in harmony, so that the people in a good ecological environment and living and achieve sustainable economic and social development. How to change the production mode of operation, the traditional industry produces new vitality, how to speed up the pace well off farmers and herdsmen, that is always the concern and to explore solutions to the whole region a major issue.Pastoral areas of Inner Mongolia is one of China’s five major pastoral areas, the total grassland area is about 8666.7 million hectares, accounting for 68% of the Inner Mongolia land area, accounting for 27% of national grassland area, which can be used grassland area is about 6818.0 million hectares, accounting for the total area of grassland region 78%, so Inner Mongolia has a unique resource advantage developing grassland animal husbandry. In Inner Mongolia, grassland animal husbandry is the main source of pastoral income. In recent decades, due to many irrational factors, Inner Mongolia appears a large area of bare grass and frequent dust storms. Grassland "three" area has reached 46,772,700 hectares, accounting for 74.38% by total grassland area, and also to extend 1.45% annual rate of spread. In turn, grassland "three" problem result in a bad negative impact to production of human life.This article is based on sustainable theory to analyze these crucial issues of sustainable development of grassland animal husbandry in Inner Mongolia. Firstly, this paper analyzes the current situation. Secondly, by searching of materials, reading books and documents, found in Inner Mongolia grassland animal husbandry has deterioration of ecological environment of grassland, population pressure, severe overgrazing and decline in the quality livestock products major problems.On this basis, further analysis the major factor of constraining sustainable development of grassland animal husbandry in Inner Mongolia.Through the questionnaire survey to the Dong WU grassland animal husbandry, anglicizing the main reasons of constraining sustainable development of grassland animal husbandry in Inner Mongolia. This paper use Logistic regression model to analysis it., found is mainly affected by the degree of pastoral organization, the infrastructure conditions of animal husbandry, the degree of grassland degradation and government investment in animal husbandry and other factors significantly affect.Finally, this paper achieves the relevant conclusions by prevision analysis and put forward to some suggestions on promoting sustainable development of grassland animal husbandry in Inner Mongolia. These suggestions include:1)strengthening protection, construction and utilization of the grassland;2) enhancing grassland construction and developing ecological animal husbandry; 3)innovating government’s agricultural support policies;4)Establishing the cooperative economy organizations of herdsman improving the service system of animal husbandry;5) Accelerate the pace of population transfer in pastoral areas.