Research on Equality of Basic Public Service between Urban and Rural Area
|Keywords||Equalization of basic public services Fiscal regime Dual structure Administrative system Public service system|
Since the reform and opening up , China's level of economic development has been to maintain a sustained growth , but the result of economic growth and balanced to enhance performance for the overall national survival and development of the state , the gap between China's urban and rural areas of education, health, medical care, social security is increasing . , has aroused widespread concern . In 2005 , the Plenum of the Party for the first time formally proposed \According to the China Statistical Yearbook 2004-2009 data , by comparing urban and rural investment in education, health , social security and infrastructure building conditions and the effect of the gap , pointed out that the supply of basic public services in urban and rural areas gap mainly due to : public finance the public deletion of the institutional system of transfer payments in the equalization of fiscal pressure on did not get to play , leading to inadequate supply of basic public services ; maintain separate urban and rural public service supply system on the objective of the dual structure in urban and rural areas as well as the limitations of the household registration system , so that the basic the poor condition of public services ; system of administrative government functions positioning is unclear , inadequate accountability mechanisms , the supervision mechanism is not perfect , unscientific government performance appraisal system , leading to the undesirable effects of the supply of basic public services . Equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas need further increasing the financial efforts to tilt the poor rural areas , basic public services, construction and urban and rural public finance system equalization goal adapt ; need to start from the specific aspects of education , health care, pension insurance , urban and rural supply mechanism ; need to vigorously promote the reform of the government administration , the establishment of a scientific and reasonable government performance evaluation system , strengthen supervision , responsibility for the implementation of the supply of basic public services .