Study on Women’s Liberation Thought of Tan Sitong in His Theory of Benevolence
|School||Central South University for Nationalities|
|Keywords||Tan Sitong Benevolence Women Liberation|
In China thousands of years of male culture, women have a male client, the status of the family in society and the underground, there is no right of political participation and education. Traditional society through the inheritance and development of rulers to oppress the women, until to the Qing Dynasty reached its peak. In modern times, part of the camp in the transformation from the feudal bourgeois intellectuals, in order to save the nation from peril, began to advocate political reform, and seek the enlightenment of the people were thinking. Question of the Women Liberation, it was as an important aspect of the enlightenment be made clear. As an outstanding representative of one of the reformers, Tan advocate women’s liberation, promoted the rise of modern women’s liberation movement.Tan women’s liberation is mainly reflected in his writings, which on behalf of "Benevolence", including the following aspects: The first , Tan to the position of the petty-bourgeois intellectuals, with Jen - Link - equality" as its main line of thought, will the traditional Confucian "benevolence" as a moral value, and mixed with ink in Mohism and Buddhist Thought, Tan finally formed the Women’s Liberation.The second , Tan hold that China’s women to achieve genuine liberation, the most important thing is to overthrow the three cardinal guides and the five constant virtues ethics, its are shackles women thought and thier freedom.So, Then, he has launched“the husband rightly for the wife outline”violent critique. Which is a combination of human biological and social, the natural functions of the human as a starting point, he criticism of sexual repression will only make things continue to occur adultery, that the line needs of men and women should be equal. The next, Tan Sitong and Liang Qichao, are the political reform key people. Facing the nationality in peril, they thought that the woman holds total population half, should also shoulder the responsibility which the powerful nation. In order to achieve their Women’s Liberation, Liang and Tan initiated and participate the waste foot-binding, to be popular the female study and female newspaper and so on. However, Liang’s women’s liberation thought are mainly to manifest in its female study thought aspect. Although Chen Duxiu with Tan, Liang is not the identical time, but he inherited and develops Tan Sitong’s women’s liberation thought.Since Chen’s experience women’s emancipation of the mind, and complex, this article only selected during the New Culture Movement Women’s Liberation. Because Chen’s women’s liberation associated with he’s experience ,and is complex. This article only selected its 54 New Culture Movement period. Although, Tan Sitong and Chen Duxiu were critical“the three cardinal ethical relationships of social order”, might Tan was more incisive, but Chen in inherited in Tan’s viewpoint foundation, proposed the science and the human rights, that woman must realize the true liberation to achieve their personal independence.The last, Because of the special national conditions, Tan’s women’s liberation thought is not mature, but he pursues the equality of the sexes, required personal liberation, enlighten and promotion the modern women’s liberation movement .