Study on the Problem about Policy Implementation of Vocational Training of Peasant Workers in the Development of Urban and Rural Areas
|School||Southwestern University of Finance and Economics|
|Keywords||Migrant Workers Vocational training Implementation of the policy Issues|
Vocational training of migrant workers is to promote urban and rural development, building a harmonious society is an urgent requirement. The 16th CPC National Congress proposed urban and rural economic and social development, the construction of modern agriculture, develop the rural economy and increasing farmers' income, the major task of building a moderately prosperous society. \and the principal contradiction, is committed to breaking the urban-rural dual structure, accelerate the industrialization and urbanization, narrow the workers and peasants gap, the gap between urban and rural areas, regional disparities, to achieve sustained, rapid and healthy development and coordinated economic and social development, and building a moderately prosperous society made a major strategic decisions. To achieve the urban and rural development, we must solve the problem of the transfer of rural surplus labor force, thus narrowing the gap between urban and rural areas, to promote the integration of urban and rural economic and vocational training of migrant workers is an important step to promote urban and rural development and key links. Thus, we start from the vocational training of migrant workers, to discuss the implementation of the policy and operational issues of vocational training for migrant workers. To achieve the effectiveness of the implementation of the migrant workers vocational training policy, we must improve public policy, the protection of migrant workers vocational training policy implementation mechanism, only to grasp the Government on all aspects of the implementation of policy, and policy implementation mechanisms for the protection, farmers workers vocational training policy to smooth and effective implementation. In this paper, the vocational training of migrant workers and implementation of public policy theory, from the perspective of the administration to study the implementation of the policy issues of vocational training for migrant workers, and has a strong theoretical and practical significance. Analysis methods, the use of theory and practice, a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods to explore theories about migrant workers, vocational training, through extensive literature data, on the basis of experience and reality Jintang County migrant workers vocational training status of the investigation, focusing on analysis of the the Jintang County useful exploration work in the vocational training of migrant workers and the difficulties encountered problems in the urban and rural environment, explore the law of the protection of migrant workers vocational training policy implementation. From the real situation in vocational training as well as training policy implemented by the status quo of China's migrant workers can not be optimistic, migrant workers participating in the training rate is not high, although the party and the government policies to support the vocational training for migrant workers, but in the implementation of the policy link and incompatible with the specific circumstances of the implementation process, there are some problems. Only the from migrant workers vocational training institutions, training, funding and training in the form and content, the many aspects involved in the enthusiasm as well as training and other resources needed to analyze and grasp, to further improve the countermeasures to ensure training policy implementation. China's migrant workers vocational training policy implementation problems, except that the obstacles to the implementation of China's urban and rural social structure of the migrant workers vocational training policy analysis, mainly the implementation of the operation from the public policy process and the implementation of mechanisms to analyze. The first is enough migrant workers vocational training policy propaganda, the migrant workers lack of awareness of the policy impact of migrant workers participating in the training rate also affected the smooth implementation of the policy; Secondly, specific vocational training policy from migrant workers the problems to the implementation of measures, including identified for migrant workers vocational training institutions, sources of funding, training and content, training resources, and training enthusiasm and so the presence of defects and deficiencies analysis, drawn from the implementation of the policy poor also impede the proper implementation of the policy. Finally, the analysis of the effective implementation of vocational training for migrant workers policy guidance and supervision of the missing. Migrant workers vocational training policy implementation, government departments lack the necessary guidance and supervision, there are many other non-standard behaviors and phenomena, and thus to strengthen the guidance and supervision. Jintang County vocational training of migrant workers as an important carrier to promote urban and rural labor force, promote full employment in urban and rural areas to carry out a comprehensive, pay close attention to the leading training and vocational skills training and entrepreneurship training work, ideas, measures and effects on the formation of the Jintang characteristics, job training made a lot of money results, has won the national \. Jintang County in vocational training to the process of migrant workers, establish and improve a range of effective working mechanism, such as to ensure the quality of training, to enhance the effectiveness of training, optimization services, and create new ways of employment and training and so much effort. promote vocational training to the virtuous cycle track forward. Last countermeasures to ensure the smooth implementation of the vocational training policies of migrant workers from three aspects: First, from the implementation of the policy on the institutional environment, as soon as possible to break the urban institutional and policy divided the gradual integration through the promotion of urban and rural labor market reform and employment system, to eliminate the obstacles of migrant workers, and gradually establish a management system for urban and rural employment, to achieve the integration of the social structure. Second, from the main body of the implementation of the policy, the government acts to strengthen the implementation of the policy body. To clear the responsibility of the Government to strengthen the leading role of the government to establish an effective working mechanism. The third is to build a security system, the implementation of the policy on the implementation of the object from the policy, through a variety of incentives to improve migrant workers participating in the training enthusiasm.