A Study on Fiscal Policy to Promote Development of Environmental Protection Investment in China
|Keywords||Investment in environmental protection The scale of investment in environmental protection The structure of investment in environmental protection The efficiency of investment in environmental protection Fiscal policy|
Investment in environmental protection (environmental investment) as key elements to solve the problem of environmental pollution, is faced with a series plight: the total amount of investment is a serious shortage of structures lack the necessary reasonable funds run inefficient. If you can not solve these problems, will be tremendous pressure to the environmental protection work. The field of environmental protection market failures need to determine the problems faced by the investment in environmental protection to achieve the healthy development of the government's macro-control. The role of government is mainly manifested in: (1) the use of fiscal funds direct investment in environmental protection. (2) reasonable proper guidance and regulation of the use of fiscal policy tool for businesses and individuals, as well as its own environmental investment behavior. In this paper, a combination of qualitative and quantitative analysis methods, first of all define the concept of environmental protection investment elaborate theoretical basis involved in the field of environmental protection investment and fiscal policy; Second, from the size, structure and efficiency of investment in environmental protection, China's environmental protection investment run analysis; once again combined with a mathematical model to analyze the problem exists in all aspects of the investment in environmental protection as well as causes; last for the problems encountered in the investment in environmental protection to run to seek fiscal policy support. Paper the main conclusions are as follows: First, of facing the grim situation of environmental pollution, and the solution of the problem of environmental pollution mainly depends on the healthy development of the environmental protection investment. Second, China's current environmental investment operation is not very ideal: the smaller the total amount of expenditures in the scale of investment in environmental protection performance failed to meet the Western developed countries, the level in the seventies and eighties of the last century, and the calendar year expenditure huge; funds vulnerabilities the in environmental investment structure, the high proportion of urban environmental infrastructure construction investment, largely crowding out \social benefits generated by the investment in environmental protection, environmental benefits is far from ideal, increasing investment in environmental protection is not able to effectively curb environmental pollution further aggravate the situation. Series of problems encountered in the current investment in environmental protection that should be mainly through fiscal policy to be addressed, the use of fiscal policy include: rational division of powers of investment in environmental protection, to optimize the government budget, make full use of the tax, treasury bonds, transfer payments, interest relief and other ways to balance the interest in the subject of environmental investment, so as to promote the healthy development of the environmental protection investment.