A Research of the Cultivating Pattern of Assistive Technology Literacy of Special Education Major in the United States and It’s Implication
|School||Chongqing Normal University|
|Keywords||Higher Special Education Majors Assistive Technology Literacy Training Mode|
Assistive technology is disability compensation function, independent living, an important means of social integration in the life, health, education, employment and other aspects to help them overcome disabilities, improve living independence, increase productivity so as to enhance the quality of life. In the field of special education, because education objects exist obstacles, difficulties in the implementation of the education process, you must apply the appropriate assistive technology to make up for their functional defects, for the creation of equal conditions and accessibility of education to help them beyond their own conditions, enhance their learning and life independence and participation, so learn the skills, acquire knowledge, to better integrate into mainstream society. Special education teachers assistive technology literacy directly affects the assistive technology applications in the field of special education implementation of special education students in special education teachers as the main force in the future, only with certain assistive technology literacy in the future in order to be fully engaged in teaching special education play the advantages of assistive technology to support and promote the special student learning. Therefore, how the development of higher special education assistive technologies in education, students of assistive technology literacy to improve assistive technology applications in the field of special education is a serious problem. In the United States, assistive technology applications in special education are very common, and \devices and assistive technology services, rights, assistive technology in special education in a wide range of applications as well as comprehensive legislation to protect the higher special education students assistive technology literacy has laid a good social background. The U.S. Higher Special Education students assistive technology literacy training to have a clear training objectives, training content and rich in practical rational culture methods, all this constitutes a complete set of assistive technology literacy training mode. As a developing country, China's special education and assistive technology utilities are far from perfect, Assistive Technology in Special Education applications are far behind developed countries, resulting in an important reason for this situation is the lack of appropriate high country educational support. This article will explore the U.S. higher special education students assistive technology literacy training model of social background and implementation approach, showing the U.S. assistive technology in special education in the application and development to find the Americans with Disabilities Assistive technology devices and services to get the legal basis combing U.S. higher special education students assistive technology literacy training objectives, training content and training methods, and reviews the characteristics and limitations of the American model, drawing on the advanced experience of the United States combined with China's actual situation, under the premise of how special education Higher students assistive technology literacy recommendations.