The Research of Eco-feminism
|School||Huazhong University of Science and Technology|
|Keywords||eco-feminism nature female enviromental protection|
Today, the ecological crisis has become a global topic. Ecological theory has been developed. Eco-feminist theory as a new branch is the women’s movement in the process of development and ecological doctrine arising between a knot theory. American marine biologist Rachel ? Card worse than in 1960 published a "lonely spring, "the book, thus, the environmental movement gradually grow up. The "eco-feminism"is the first proposed feminist scholars in France ? Germany ? Didier Fran?ois Boni and published in the 70s of the 20th century "feminism, or destruction " in the book. Thus, ecological feminism has become a global concern about the continuing rise of the emerging ecological theory. Ecological feminists have gradually grow up, in which representatives of influential scholars have VanDana·Shiva, Karen·J·Warren, Rosemary·R·Reuther,Carolyn·Merchant, Val·Plumwood and so on. Eco-feminists and women natural link between the basis for the theoretical framework, to address the ecological crisis, women emancipation and social equity. Eco-feminism and the emergence and development of the first Western countries, step by step in the development process of passing the rest of the world. As the developed countries and cultural background and different levels of economic, ecological feminism regional differences emerged. However, the final thrust of the theory are attempts to explore the concept exists in traditional society has been deeply rooted in the human and nature, the relationship between men and women, were slaughtered and women reveal the nature of oppression essential relationship between the advocate build men and women, Harmonious development of human and natural ecological system and social environment.So far the development of eco-feminism, the ecological theory for the Western society and the development of the ecological movement has produced a great influence. At the same time, eco-feminist theory as a critique of traditional thinking and practice in theory building process are faced with some skepticism. However, it is no doubt that ecofeminism reasonable, if not a perfect theory, at least she provides a new theoretical perspective, which for the current ecological crisis and women’s liberation has far-reaching solution.