The Effects of Abacus-based Mental Calculation Training on Child Intelligence and Other Traits
|Keywords||Abacus Training Image perception Working memory span Self-regulation Persistence Problem-solving|
Abacus is a traditional tool for calculation, while abacus-based mental calculation training (abacus training for short) is the complex of abacus operation and mental calculation; and indeed abacus training increase the computation speed. We have to study the impact of abacus training on the intelligence and other traits if any, otherwise we could have no way to know whether the skill should be observed or not when electronic computer widely applied. 1)Through the intelligence scale analysis we found that compared to average child, abacus child scored high in information, block design, digit span, digit-symbol coding sub-scale. Relativity analysis suggested that digit-symbol coding score may be better differentiating abacus training extent. From this results and Reven test result we came to conclusion that abacus child had higher speed in image perception.2) abacus child scored higher on working memory measurement whether the material is digit or alphabet.3)Through the personality scale we found abacus child had better self regulation and scored higher in persistence/problem-solving; with more training the significance would be more obvious. Moderator and mediator analysis suggest the higher persistence/problem solving ability maybe caused by the self regulation, which was improved by longtime training. Thus, abacus training prompts the intelligence traits involved in digit span and digit-symbol coding task; meanwhile abacus training improved persistence and problem solving ability through prompting self regulation.