The Study on Feasibility and Countermeasures of Household Registration System Reform Based on the Theory of Public Policy Changes
|School||Guangdong Ocean University|
|Keywords||Household Registration System Policy Changes Theoretical Model Feasibility Analysis Countermeasures|
The household registration system is universally practiced a population registration management system. China’s current household registration system is the product of planned economy system, which played dual influences on China’s economic, politics and society. On the one hand, it guaranteed the realization of industrialization strategy after the founding of new China, maintained the social order at that time, provided the reliable demographic information for the country’s economic and social development plan, and also effectively prevented the production of "urban ill”. On the other hand, it not only restricted free migration of the floating population in China, slowed the process of urban and rural integration goals, but also increased the cost of population flow, hampered the labor resources and talent development or use, at the same time, Current household registration system defined the unfair citizenship and status in society, especially connected with the employment, their children to school and housing subsidies, endowment insurance, medical insurance and so on, which not only affected the realization of rural-urban strategic, but also the construction of our harmonious society.After the 16th CPC national congress, the government started from the height of comprehensive construction well-off society’, clearly put the task of the social harmonious society, and strengthen the party ability construction as an important content. By the end of 2010 President Hu Jintao and premier Wen Jiabao’s speak on economic working conference and in 2011 the report of government work, also reiterated the importance of solving the peasant or workers’household registrations. A series of grand goal of planning, policy of the proposed for transition in China, has a special meaning for the new period of development of our society and the same time provides the regulation background and value orientation. In order to conform the needs of China’s economic transformation and social transformation, promote labor resources reasonably and orderly flow, eliminate dual system, cancel the registration of additional on urban and rural residents inequality system, migration and safeguard citizen living free, build a harmonious socialist society, reform the current census register system imperative and imminent, the author chooses the household registration system reform just because of such background. But it is needed to emphasize that the aims of household reform of this paper is mainly to the migrant workers who lived in the city as long as two years.This article takes the theory of Public Policy Changes as main research angle of view, on the foundation of Western correlation theories, the author connected with the our country realistic national condition in order to construct the Chinese characteristic policy vicissitude new model as the reform feasible analysis tool to proposes the basic principle, the mentality and the countermeasure suggestion of household registration system.The main content of this article is divided into six parts. The first part, the thesis in the introduction section of this paper mainly introduce the overview of background of this paper, the research significance, the research results of the scholars of study and theoretical basis of this innovation points. The second part, the thesis defines several concepts and theoretical basics. The third part, the thesis review the history of household registration system, the author analyzes the current situation and existing problems. The fourth part , the thesis compares and analyzes the most influential theory of public policy changes, attempts to reconstruct one more comprehensive, actual and practical analyzing new model, then use this new model to analyze the household registration system in order to illustrate the necessity and feasibility of reform. The fifth part, the paper use the gradual decision theory, public choice theory, system theory and the theory of modern information management for support in order to proposes the household registration system reform of guiding ideology, basic principles, reference and supporting measures. The last part is the afterward of the thesis.