The Analysis on Popper’s Scientific Philosophy Thoughts
|Course||Philosophy of Science and Technology|
|Keywords||Three Worlds Critical reason Falsificationism|
Karl? Popper, famous philosopher of science contemporary western one, life around the science, philosophy and sociology to conduct research into, and achieved fruitful results and far-reaching impact, especially in the philosophy of science achievements maximum . He demarcation problems are discussed and summarized, criticized the Vienna School of verification principle, put forward their own critique rational \prevailing philosophy of logical empiricism had a tremendous impact. Since the philosophy of science research occurs specifically to get rid of the Vienna Circle, represented by logical empiricism narrow parochialism. Popper's falsificationism with continental philosophy overall tendency to disprove the principle of \The basic idea of ??modern philosophy of science formed in between rationalism and empiricism epistemological controversy and people based on inductive and deductive methodological debate. Thus, these two issues involved in the debate, such as the starting point for understanding the problems, cognitive problems and understanding of the results process issues have become the philosophy of science has been explored. The early philosophy of science has been discussed on these issues, once into a corner. Falsificationism Popper to the core ideology, so that people from the logical empiricism of the dead come out to re-examine analyze the problem, the problem of induction and growth of knowledge psychosomatic problems and ancient relationship. Philosophy of science thus gain new vitality into a new situation. Re-examine this history, it requires in-depth analysis of this series of Popper's thought. Philosophy of science research in China started late, related research in China, we can trace back to the 1940s. The research on Popper thought much later, from the 70s of last century began around the mid-1980s, Popper's ideas in mainland China has been widespread concern, scholars thought the enthusiasm of its extremely high, especially in Is Mr. Qiu Renzong on Popper's writings were translated and promoted the introduction of the earliest in the country's academic writings are thinking Popper Popper's autobiography, \book \To Shu Wai-kwong that period represented the leader of philosophy of science Philosophy of Science Popper open right for a more extensive research. Popper's death, his philosophy of science in China once again set off a new upsurge of research. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Natural Dialectics of his death held a special symposium. The new century, the birth of his century, his thoughts once again set off in our research climax, we can say the whole philosophy of science studies benefit. The third study climax so far in the ascendant, the boom of domestic scholars began to re-examine and research Popper, a new perspective to understand his thinking. Around its writings, research, discussion, analysis and debate, we have a thorough understanding of Popper's thought. In this thesis, the philosophy of science from the two core issues - the problem of demarcation and induction problems began introduction of Popper's core ideology - Falsificationism introduction, the first is the principle of falsification, Popper cited a number of examples, in-depth analysis, refuted confirmed the traditional doctrine of the core foundation - induction principle. Including the \The. For rational criticism highlighted criticism of inductive and humanities rational critique. Knowledge of the theory of evolution in the analysis of the origin of life and consciousness, from low-level to senior development process of evolution, as well as liaison brain as a bridge between mind and body-oriented role. Finally a brief assessment of its sociological and historical criticism caused a huge impact on historical determinism, and its core critical angle and social progress and historical analysis of the relationship between the traditional meaning of this criticism.