Dissertation > History, geography > History of China > Semi-colonial and semi -feudal society ( 1840 to 1949 ) > Old Democratic Revolution period ( 1840 ~ 1919 ) > Early Republic of China (1912 ~ 1919 )

Republic of Sichuan customs and customs reform movement investigation Dynasty

Author HuangYanQing
Tutor CaoChengJian
School Sichuan Normal University
Course Modern Chinese History
Keywords Sichuan Province Customs and investigation Customs and Improved
CLC K258
Type Master's thesis
Year 2011
Downloads 51
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Late twenties of the last century the early thirties, the national government launched a customs investigation and reform movement. The campaign is just made to strengthen the national government of the Kuomintang control of the country itself and expanded. The campaign involves the improvement of customs and customs investigation two content. National Government, through this campaign to deepen their understanding of the grassroots sentiments; while implementing improvement measures relative to achieve a deep state power and establish the authority of the national government, to some extent, to consolidate the powers of the national government. Sichuan customs investigation and improvement activities, subject to the specific circumstances of the time in Sichuan. Zone system Gelaohui presence and long-term occlusion caused by, among other factors gave the idea behind the customs investigation and improvement caused no small trouble. From the improved results, the effects of different projects vary greatly improved. Some improvement effect is not satisfactory, such as prostitution gambling, despite repeated demands the authorities, continue to strengthen supervision and increase the intensity of punishment, the effect is still limited. While some improvement or good results, such as foot-binding in the forties was basically out of control. On the improved attitude, the military and political officials in Sichuan's attitude to national government policies are not the same. To Liu Xiang and Liu Wenhui, for example, Liu Xiang in the implementation of the government's policies, the country would much more active; while Liu Wenhui, although not openly confront the government and the country, but its attitude is certainly to be slightly negative. Local officials and improved attitudes towards surveys vary. Some more positive, while others are perfunctory, and even some local officials openly engaged in activities contrary to the spirit and improvement. In addition, in the course of Broken superstition government to take a more resolute measures. Also according to need for flexibility, without blindly take a tough attitude, which is well maintained harmony between people and government relations. From this investigation and improvement activities, we can see improvements on certain issues, the content and the interests of the grassroots civil servants have inconsistencies, which led to junior civil servants in some cases contrary to the government's decree against openly and improved. Its deeper consequences of junior civil servants is centrifugal. Originally is to strengthen control of the grassroots reform movement initiated investigation and has weakened the government's control on the grass, which to a certain extent, affected the national government based on the rule. This should be the national government and the provincial government of the unexpected. Customs investigation and the impact of improved activity is very complex. From the attitude of the people, the public is also selective comply with national laws. Basic selection criteria affect the size and economic life of the great association with the Government's authoritarian relationships, followed by correlation with the traditional concept of the minimum. As can be seen, the preferred countries to improve the means of social improvement in the economy, followed by the construction of government authority, the concept of transformation in the final.

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