Transition Countries of East Asia Democratic Consolidation Revelation to China
|Keywords||East Asia Democracy Transition Democratic dilemma Democratic consolidation|
After the World War II, the establishment of democratic system in most east Asian countries is under the influence of the external force which is a kind of implantable democracy. Initially, the ruling parties in these countries made economic a tremendous progress with people’s high nationalist enthusiasm, and the people’s living standard had been improved. However, in the 1960s and 1970s, economies in most east Asian stagnated, and people found the reality of democracy is not like to lead them to rich and stable life that as it is portrayed by their politicians but to various disputes, political force which make the country into political chaos and the situation of social unrest competely. In such cases, a large number of military regime and authoritarian system began to appear, and these regimes can rapidly made the country’s political life stability in short term, and in the beginning of the regime could also led the country into the next wave of rapid economic development period which depends on autocratic’s administrative efficiency, such as South Korea appeared "Han gang miracles" in Park Chung-Hee military period, Indonesia in presidency Suharto, etc., in authoritarian system. In late 20th century, with the rapid economic development, the social class of east Asian countries changed, the production of large numbers of middle class emerged, democratic ideas began to awaken, along with the 1997 Asian economic crisis has initiated the crisis of legitimacy of domination of authoritarian system in east Asia countries. After the re-establishment of democracy in east Asian countries with the democratic culture matured, they entered a more mature stage of democratic development. It becomes a key problem in front of east Asian countries that in these countries, take what measures to operate the democracy, won the democratic values and culture to strengthen democracy after democracy transition.This paper mainly analysis democratic transition consolidation of east Asian countries from the following aspects:First, the paper analyses the theory of democratization from macro and micro dimension, and summarized the definition of democratic consolidation,discussed the factors affecting the democratic consolidation and the role of the democratic consolidation and the relations between them. Second, describe various democratic consolidation predicaments which transition countries in east Asian facing, and to explore the reasons of the problems for east Asian transition countries in democratic consolidation process on this basis, make base for outlook of east Asian countries democratic consolidation in the below. Third, to analysis the favorable factors to the democratic consolidation by combining the various measures adopted by east Asian transition countries when they facing difficulties in reality, in order to draw some universal means that beneficial to east Asian transition countries. Fourth, combined with the analysis and prospect mentioned of east Asia democratic consolidation in this paper, concluded notices to China from the current situation of China’s political democratization process.