Dissertation
Dissertation > Industrial Technology > Light industry,handicrafts > Food Industry > Starch Industry > Basic theory

Research on High Adsorption of Biodegradable Porous Starch

Author WangHouSheng
Tutor WangTao
School Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Course Materials Science
Keywords Porous Starch Enzymatic method Solvent displacement method Pregelatinized freeze-drying method Adsorption properties
CLC TS231
Type Master's thesis
Year 2011
Downloads 114
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Porous starch is a new type of modified starch , a safe , non-toxic , efficient, biodegradable , etc. , has attracted the attention and interest of domestic and foreign experts and scholars , was studied extensively developed and applied to the field of medicine and health , are a class of great potential for development of new drug carrier . This thesis the enzymatic method, the solvent replacement method, freeze-drying method of the pre-gelatinized three process method, preparation of a biodegradable porous starch . Using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy , determination of the specific surface area of sample analysis, the study of the preparation method of porous starch crystalline properties , microstructure, and adsorption properties , process parameters , starch types . The results show that the enzymatic method, solvent displacement method , pregelatinized three methods of freeze-drying method are prepared adsorption properties of porous starch ; pregelatinized freeze-dried prepared porous starch foam the highest adsorption properties of water absorption , respectively . the sample was prepared by 18-fold and 7.5 - fold for the enzymatic digestion and solvent displacement method . In the saline environment , research the porous starch adsorption and release behavior of methylene blue , indicating that the porous starch hydrolysis by better drug loading and release rate , reasonable change adsorption can better control their drug loading and release behavior . Solvent substitution prepared corn porous starch microscopic structure of the rough surface was lamellar , having a porous structure . Partially crystalline structure is destroyed , there is still a degree of crystallinity . The starch granules were mesoporous structure , and having a larger specific surface area and pore volume . Starch gelatinization and principle of freeze-drying , freeze - drying method pregelatinized got holes in the three-dimensional network of interconnected porous starch foam microstructure , the gelatinization process destroys the crystalline structure , but to improve its adsorption properties .

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