Measurement Equivalence Research of the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children in Chinese and Italian Children Samples
|School||Central South University|
|Course||Developmental and Educational Psychology|
|Keywords||Children and adolescents Multidimensional Anxiety Scale Measurement equivalence Potential were compared Multi- group confirmatory factor analysis|
Objective: (1) the establishment of children and adolescents Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (The Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children, MASC) model of the factor structure of the baseline sample of children in China and Italy; inspection MASC in Italy the measured equivalence between the sample of children between the two countries . (2) latent comparison MASC factor in Italian children between samples are several differences, and significant mean difference for comparison. Methods: (1) using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents survey of 578 second and third grade pupils and 552 Italian second and third grade pupils. (2) using independent sample t-test was used to compare the significant mean differences; multi-group confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the MASC morphology in the the Italy sample of children between equivalence, weak equivalence, strong the equivalents and strict equivalents; compare the MASC each factor the Italy sample of children between the latent mean differences on the basis of strong equivalence. Results: (1) MASC four-factor structure of multi-group confirmatory factor analysis of the results showed that the full form equivalents and part of the weak equivalence: MASC in Italy between the sample of children, some strong equivalents and strict equivalents sex. Factor loadings of the seven projects are not equivalent across groups in the 39 projects, 22 items measuring intercept across groups are not equivalent, and 13 items measuring residuals across groups are not equivalent. (2) significant mean comparison results indicate that the sample of children in Italy Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents injury to avoid social anxiety factor and total scores were significantly higher in the sample of children (P lt; 0.01). (3) the the latent mean cross group the MASC factor latent mean there are significant differences between the groups. The mean of the sample of children in China somatic symptoms and separation anxiety factor is higher than the Italian sample of children, while the average injury evasion and social anxiety factor lower than the Italian sample of children. (4) MASC latent in the the Italy sample of children between the mean difference in the result of the comparison with the significant mean differences in comparing the results inconsistent. Conclusions: (1) children and adolescents Multidimensional Anxiety Scale in a sample of children in China and Italy have some measurement equivalents; (2) latent mean differences comparing results with significant mean differences comparative results are not consistent, indicating that the observation scores are number of differences can not be completely latent variable mean differences explained; (3) multi-dimensional group differences between anxiety scale in populations of different countries compare results should be interpreted with caution in children and adolescents.