Frontier regions of the equalization of basic public services
|School||Central University for Nationalities|
|Course||Scientific socialism and international communist movement|
|Keywords||frontier areas equalization of basic public services fiscal transfer payment|
Equalization of public services is a hot and difficult issue in the current economic and social development of China. Public service of frontier areas have a big gap with the developed eastern areas. Public service building of frontier areas is to consolidate the material foundation frontier, cultural foundation and psychological basis. Border stability and prosperity of minority areas are related to the overall situation of the party and government work, equalization of public services in the frontier areas have great historic and practical significance. Frontier region have a big gap compared with the developed region. Financial security inadequate, unbalanced allocation of public powers have become the difficulty of the equalization of basic public services.Firstly, the frontier region is to achieve the equalization of public services, it needs have appropriate financial resources, the current frontier region is hard to provide their own. Thus, it needs to build a government financial support system.Secondly, in addition to government longitudinal transfer payments, lateral transfers is also essential. Thus, in summary the developed areas to support and assist minority areas based on the experience, it is necessary to build an ecological compensation system.Thirdly, all levels of government in frontier region are the provider of basic public services, the building service-oriented government of frontier areas is key to reduce regional development disparities and equalize basic public services. Exploring institutional arrangements of the service government is necessary.The innovation of this paper are as following:Firstly, it has the systematic vision of equalization of basic public in the frontier region. and proposed ’the strong support is the important factor, the developed areas’ support is necessary and frontier region self-development is the core, the implementation of all levels of government in frontier areas is the key’. Secondly, it emphasizes the characteristics and advantages of the region, highlighting the autonomy of national economic and social development, which make this research different with equalization of basic public in other areas.