The Research of Customs Anti-Terrorism Mechanism
|School||Shanghai Jiaotong University|
|Keywords||customs anti-terrorism mechanism trade security and facilitation|
The early 21st century, "911" has made customs of states to increase the border counter-terrorism efforts. U.S., EU, Singapore and other countries have been improving risk analysis and management systems, and at the same time they ensure customs clearance facilitation and border security through international cooperation and establishing partnerships with enterprises. With economic globalization and the deepening of cultural pluralism, terrorism has brought a variety of threats and crises to China. Customs is the country’s entry and exit control department, and all goods and items through the territory are released under the customs supervision. In the face of the terrorist threat hiding in the entry and exit of goods, items and Conveyance, the Department should not only improve their own system, establish sector coordination, strengthen international cooperation to detect and prevent the threats, but also partnership enterprises to protect the security and facilitation of trade chain. It is necessary to supervise well, but also release fast, which gives the Customs building the new requirements in the new era.This paper studies how to use the public crisis management theory and non-traditional security theory on the Customs anti-terrorism functions through an analysis of China’s situation and learning from experience of other countries. This paper also puts forward the idea and methods of perfecting the anti-terrorism mechanisms of the country, through construction principle, legal support, sectoral coordination, international cooperation, profession reform, capital and technology support.