Foreign Goods Sold to Inland and Likin-Problem: 1861-1904
|Course||Modern Chinese History|
|Keywords||Foreign goods Domestic Likin|
After the Opium War , the British trade with China downturn and the British businessmen formed a dramatic contrast between the high expectations of the market potential in China , became the object of concern of the local tax . Likin after the founding line , then British foreign traders denounce the culprit for to hinder foreign goods Mainland trade , \This article is divided into three parts to this period domestic sales of foreign goods and likin visit . The first part consists of Chapter to Chapter , focuses on the likin issues of production , development , evolution , and powers around this problem long-term negotiations between the Government and the clear and simple results as representations Transit Dues system , the main import and export goods tax the PCT and levy \Chapter for the second part , a brief first likin nature , types , collection methods , as well as the provinces rate ; then examine the ways and means of foreign goods shipped within sales tax bill and not the collar mouth shipped within foreign goods may bear likin the analysis estimates ; Overview Current bead trade then , a simple analysis of the the single foreign goods to enter the mainland market with bead tax taxes burden ; Finally , rough mentioned the sale of foreign goods in the ports of likin and other local tax burden . \First , combined with relevant statistics and of likin the root cause : powers of trade with China , \Then the essence of analysis likin problem , likin really not conducive to foreign goods distribution , but it is not to stifle foreign goods trade culprit ; Even in the eyes of foreign traders , likin only the less important of the many problems , in most cases under likin object, they vent their anger and acts as a lever to solve other problems .