The Research into Legal Systems about Safety of Production, Supervision and Management of Chinese Coal Mine Enterprises
|School||Central China Normal University|
|Keywords||Coal mine safety safety in production supervising and managing safety in production law|
Recently,the coal mine accidents have often ocurred in our country. The situatian of safe production is extremely serious, which has become the focus of the society and the media.The Central Party Committee, the State Council, as well as the entire society, all pay high attention to it. Coalmine Safety Problems are related to people’s life and property security,which is even the problem of the sociaty and politics too, even if the international sociaty. The reasons for it were summarized as following:shortages of coal mine safe supervising and management in our country, irrational right setting and function division, inadequate ability on carry on things, regulation failure, easy punishment of the illegal subject and so on. Those all affect the effect and potency of the safe supervision. The effect of suervision is good or bad, which is directly associated with the degree of coal mine safety production. This article mainly takes the serious accidents that happended in 2010 as a breakthrough point, and it has discussed the shortages in our country’s coal mine safe productive system and the problems that exist in supervising and management. Compared with some advanced countries, such as US, England, Germany and France, this article discusses it on the concept of safe production, safe culture, legal system of safety, supervision system of safety, safety guarantee of workers. And after the analysis, the article gives some measures on how to improve and perfect the safety supervision of coal mine production.From the structure, there are five parts of the paper.The first part simply introduces the summarization, the second part identifies the conception,the characters and the present development of safety production,that can support the comparison from the theory. The third part expounds and analyses the shortage in production system and supervision of the coal mine, and it takes the accident as case to point out the the problems on the supervise system, means,standard and the supervisor himself. The analysis is deep and objective. The fourth part introduces the development history and advanced experiences of the other countries in the safety supervision of coal mine,such as the US, England, France and Germany, which is enlightenment to our country. The fifth part, according to the the problems and reasons in our country safety production supervision of coal mine,gives suggestion structurally on how to improve the safety production supervision and system of coal mine, on how to guarantee the right of life, on how to perfect the supervision of coal mine source, on how to perfect the system of safety risk cash, on how to increase the protect of staff right, and finally it gives some suggestion and measures on how to perfect the rules and regulations, which is the way to adopt the multiplex supervision and managment patterns, and to speed up the system building of the coal mine safety production.