Communist Party of China rural reform and development of an important theory and practice of Analysis ( 1978 ~ 2009)
|School||Shandong Normal University|
|Course||The basic principles of Marxism|
|Keywords||The Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party The Household Contract Responsibility System The Industrialization and Urbanization of the Country The Issue of China’s Agriculture Rural Areas and Farmers The Construction of New Socialist Countryside|
Marx once said:“the history of modern times is the one of urbanization of rural area.”The transformation of traditional agricultural society to modern society is an irreversible trend in the history of human development. During the historical trend of global modernization, every nation is obliged to make a choice of its own way of rural development, which determines not only its process of rural modernization, but also the modernization of its society as a whole. The country of a nation is the atmosphere and background of the development of agriculture and farmers, the reflection of geological location and the focus as well of the issue of China’s agriculture, rural areas and farmers. The modernization of China cannot be truly achieved without the resolution of the issue of China’s agriculture, rural areas and farmers, which is always the inevitable issue during the process. The rural modernization of China is facing much more severe tasks for its thousands years of brilliant agricultural history.Seeking the right way of solving the issue of China’s agriculture, rural areas and farmers has become the core issue of Chinese revolution and construction. the communist way of agricultural development is determined by the nation’s basic condition, which also determined that the nation has no other way but to follow a distinctive way of rural development being different from other communist countries. The history of China during the 20th century has proved that every important social change is closely connected with the influence of Chinese Communist Party since its birth. Proceeding form China’s basic condition and summarizing the experiences of Chinese agricultural development, Chinese Communist Party creatively connected the theories of Marxist agricultural development with the state of Chinese country, positively seek the developing way of Chinese rural construction, formed theories and practical ways of rural reform and development of Chinese characteristics, offering theoretical support and practical guide for the resolution of the issue of China’s agriculture, rural areas and farmers and the development of the rural economical society, since the foundation of the People’s Republic of China, especially since the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party in 1978.Limiting the time span from the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party in 1978 till now, this paper made an overall review and practical inspection of important theories and practices of rural reform and development of Chinese Communist Party since reform and opening-up of China. The first part of the paper reviewed the fundamental process of Chinese rural reform and development since the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party in 1978, historically investigated the basic background of the new-round rural reform and development, and divided the process of rural reform and development of the past 30 years into four phases; taking the important theories and practices of rural reform and development of Chinese Communist Party since the year of 1978 as the clue, the second part concluded and extracted the profile of the great changes of rural reform and development. Besides, taking the classical theories and great actions implemented under the direction of the Chinese Communist Party during the past 30 years as a point of penetration, the second part systematically inspected and practically analyzed the household contract responsibility system, the industrialization and urbanization of the country, the construction of new socialist countryside, which is a conclusion of evolution of the country construction theories under the direction of the Chinese Communist Party from the lognitudinal level and is an inspection of the theories and practices of contry construction in every period since reform and opening-up of China from the transversal level. The third part gave a general summary of the fundamental experiences of rural reform and development and, an analysis of the theoretical value and practical significance of a series of great actions, and also a self-reflection of the problems and future of rural reform and development.It’s not the aim to indulge in the history, following the rule is the way to welcome a better future. the recognition of the Chinese Communist Party towards chinese economical modernization, chinese economic system reform, chinese developing way is developing and getting deeper and mature, and the general evolution and exploration is on the way. Chinese rural modernization is still shouldering heavy responsiblities. Combining the condition of the world, the nation, the agriculture, the Chinese Communist Party will be on the way of exploring communist rural modernization of chinese characteristics.