Rural labor migration on the urban-rural income gap and
|School||China University of Political Science|
|Keywords||Urban-rural income gap Labor mobility in rural areas Institutional barriers|
\How to increase farmers' income and narrow the income gap between urban and rural areas has been a hot topic of theoretical and academic circles. Since the reform and opening up, China's economic construction by leaps and bounds, people's living standards improve, but the urban-rural income gap is also growing. Followed by the rural labor force, large-scale urban migration had a profound impact on the economic development of China's urban and rural. Flow explore the rural labor force of the town - city, urban-rural income gap, not only of theoretical significance, but also has great practical significance. Learning from the results of previous studies based on in-depth analysis from two perspectives of the role of labor mobility in rural areas to narrow the income gap between urban and rural areas to explore China's current institutional barriers affecting rural labor mobility, and put forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions. Comprehensive and profound grasp the rural labor migration on the urban-rural income gap and from the micro and macro levels, as the background to China's economic development and institutional reform, the general guiding principle of dialectical materialism and historical materialism , combining empirical research and normative research, quantitative and qualitative analysis of the unity, survey statistics, to make the argument more persuasive. The full text of the method described above are analyzed, mainly divided into the following sections: the preamble, the main account of this paper the research background and significance. The first part of the review and brief comments on the literature to study the problem of labor mobility. The second part describes the current situation of China's urban-rural income gap and urban-rural income gap formation, suggesting that the formation of the urban-rural income gap and expanding the results of more than one combination of factors, this paper will focus on the analysis of rural labor migration to urban-rural income gap impact. The third part, the first describes the background of China's rural labor mobility, summed up the characteristics of labor mobility, and then analyzes the costs and benefits of the rural labor mobility, provide the theoretical basis for how to take measures to promote rural labor to the cities. Part IV, on the basis of absorption of the results of previous studies, focusing on the flow of labor town - city, urban-rural income gap. Specific in-depth study from two perspectives, draw conclusions, and help narrow the income gap between urban and rural areas of labor from rural to urban areas. But China's current household registration system, employment system, education system, land system and social security system has hindered the free movement of labor in rural areas. The fifth part, according to the preceding analysis, combined with China's specific national conditions, to put forward suggestions to better promote the transfer of rural labor employment. The concluding part, the full-text content summary overview of the article the main ideas.