Research on Landscape Construction of Baoding Ancient Lotus Pond Garden
|School||Agricultural University of Hebei|
|Course||Ornamental Plants and Horticulture|
|Keywords||Ancient Lotus Pond Garden Landscape Construction landscape elements protection|
Baoding ancient lotus pond garden that built in the late years of Jin Dynasty, not only has the charm of the Royal palace gardens, but also the integration of our North and South Park garden building style and the essence of art, vividly reflects the Yuan, Ming and Qing period gardens of the characteristics of the times, garden art have achieved a profound philosophy and the perfect harmony of form. This article has five parts described in detail. The first part have summarized the previous studies, pointed out that the lack of study on the characteristics of the landscape of the status of the ancient lotus pond garden, and this article will fill this space; at the same time, a brief presentation of the main reference to the historical data: the four view map of the 12 views in the palace era, the steles from the Tang Dynasty to the liberation that conserved in the ancient lotus pond garden, a large number of Royal Poetry left by the emperor Qianlong when he was visiting. In the second part, social history and culture as the background the article have statemented the whole course how the ancient lotus pond garden from scratch then from prosperity to decline, to show the position and role in the generation political life after the completion of ancient lotus pond garden; have stated its process of decline and revival. Part III and Part IV is divided into the focus of this article. The third part first digged up the cultural origin of landscape construction of Baoding ancient lotus pond garden, pointed out that constructed by the scholar class such as writers, painters, Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and other traditional philosophy culture have a profound impact on the ancient lotus pond garden, so that the resulting conception of space constitutes have combined the philosophy of Laozi and Zhuangzi’s " Tao Is the Law of Nature", Confucian’s "Gentlemen’s Moral Integrity", Zen’s "Epiphany" and so on, pointed out that the Confucianism, Taoism, and Zen are the philosophical foundation of the garden’s spirit space. Then pointed out that in the sitting and layout it was following the principle which is "There are high and low, deep and bending, there are steep cliffs and flat land, form of natural interest". Part IV have analyzed the specific use of landscape elements. Landscape elements including artificial landscape elements as buildings, roads, bridges, natural landscape elements as rocks, water, plants, animals, also the humanities as couplet, tablet and carved stone. Construction to offer the garden practical value, make it be a place where can not only live but also visit. Therefore, landscape architecture is the operating focus in artificial landscape elements. Under the influence of chinese cultural values, which is advocates of natural, ancient lotus pond garden care about the aesthetic of the natural landscape penetration onsistently throughout the management, elements of the natural landscape symbiotic harmony, together created a unique and beautiful artistic conception space. Then humanistic elements have provided the material carrier to help tourists understand the background of historical and the human morals of the ancient lotus pond garden, taste of its culture. The protection of ancient lotus pond garden can highlighted the city’s character, inheritance historical context, bring characteristics of urban green space into play, also stimulate the development of tourism in Baoding, therefore it is important to protect the ancient lotus pond garden. Based on the status quo situation of protection, a five-point proposal was put forward in the fifth part: 1. To strengthen the control of the external space; 2. Protection should respect the historical development; 3. The establishment of effective protection mechanisms of plants to replace; 4. To utilization sensible and cautious in the protection Framework; 5. Enhance the landscape protection participation of the masses.