Beijing, Shanghai and three of the economic drivers of financial development of differentiated
|Keywords||Financial Development Economic Driving Factor Regional Differential Analysis VAR Model|
Within the three decades of the implementation of reform and open policy, China has witnessed not only the rapid economic growth but also the momentous financial development. Since 1978, China’s has gone through the financial system reform and building of multi-level banking system in the 1980s; the joint-stock reform and the stocxk markets constructions in the 1990s; the establishment and operations of all kins of financial markets and the growth of secuirties and fund industry in the new century. Also, during this period, Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen gradually grew in to the three dometstic financial centers in China, and lead the steady financial development in the whole country.Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen have accomplished distinctive and remarkable achievements in financial sector, which in rescent years attracts more and more other cities in China to follow them and start competing for constructing regional financial center. During this process, many problems have emerged: some cities witnessed large amount of resources waste due to the lack of planning in general; some cities rely on the unsustainable special government incentive policies or subsidies excessively to build financial centers; some cities initiated the financial developemnt blindly regardless of their own economic strength, resulting in market competition disorders; so on and so force. These phenomena are likely to lead to more severe problems like regional resource mismatch or lack of driving forces of financial sectors in the future, and these may also exert serious impacts on regional economic growth.In our opinions, the key reason of the above problems is that many cities have incomplete knowledge on the interrelationship between regional economic and financial developments. Therefore, in this paper, we will try to explore the economic driving factors of regional financial development and their differences across cities, using Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen as three stylized cases for study. Specifically, we start from reviewing the process of the financial development in Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen after China’s reform and open policy, and making comparisons between them. Secondly, we interpret the concept of regional financial development and measure it properly, and then try to find all possible theoretical economic driving factors for regional financial developemnt. Thirdly, we build a VAR model to conduct empirical analysis for exploring the economic driving factors of the financial developments in Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen. Finally, we make detailed analysis about the how the different economic factors affect the financial development across cities in different ways. Based on all these studies, we also make some suggestions to the future financial development in other cities of China.