The Discussion on the Carbon Emission Permits Tradein China
|School||Hebei University of Economics|
|Keywords||carbon emission rights carbon emissions trading mechanism improvement Suggestions|
The world of integration, the globalization of economy, global economic obtained fast development, but in economic development, but also brings a series of globalization malignant problem. Should belong to bear the brunt of the environmental problem, the world’s whole environment by different degree of damage, great sex of natural disasters in approached step by step to human survival of society. The greenhouse effect is an important cause of global warming and greenhouse effect of carbon dioxide gas is the most important part. Therefore, to tackle global warming brings the world environmental problems, it is necessary to further restrictions on carbon dioxide emissions. At present, the carbon emissions trading has proven to be the most effective emission system, it will become one of the future of China’s low carbon economic path will choose mode. Therefore, the discussion of China’s carbon emissions trading of development and perfection is of important theoretical and practical significance.Carbon emissions trading refers to buyers and sellers by purchasing contract or carbon abatement purchase agreement and on greenhouse gas emissions trading. In 2002 the clean development mechanism into China, from now on carbon emissions trading in China launches. In recent years carbon emissions trading in China has made it quite remarkable achievements, but because carbon emissions trading system in China is just a little late, till now carbon emissions trading markets are not very perfect, still exist many problems.Carbon emissions trading system is national in order to tackle climate change, ensure the sustainable development of the economy, environment by legal means to carbon emissions rights for the initial allocation, and based on this, through market mechanism of constructing make limited environment capacity of resource allocation to achieve optimal, achieve an implementation management on greenhouse gas emissions, is a comprehensive economic means and legal means to solve environmental problems effective means.Carbon emission rights is a new type of usufructuary rights, it is also a kind of strong public rights to privacy of color. Aiming at the carbon emissions trading market defects, we should from ensuring the fairness of the initial allocation, perfect the legal system of emissions trading, strengthen the government’s regulation and establishing carbon emissions trading platform, etc, in order to achieve the perfect our country carbon emissions trading the rapid and healthy development. Any legal system construction and operation of all inseparable from the objective laws of nature of the commonness of cognition and adjust the specific legal relationship personality conjunction. Since it is the starting point of the laws, the final purpose of law enforcement. Carbon emissions trading system has been acknowledged by many countries in the world, and international documents established, throughout the world, each country of carbon emissions trading system establishment are of men-domestic and actrual circumstances have contact, want to combine the country’s political, economic, the humanities, and geographical environment. So formulate laws mechanism can better light of their specific conditions and for the country better service.China as a carbon emissions country, also will face abatement obligations. Tra(?)onal environmental management pattern already can not adapt to the current environmental changes. Must establish new legal system can solve the new period of the environmental problems, and emissions trading system is an effective solution, is also a kind of new effective mechanism. Our country since signed the framework convention ", Kyoto, since many documents issued by climate change, for our country to create a carbon emissions trading system provides policy and institutional basis. While the development of science and technology and the domestic carbon emissions trading practice also for our country carbon emissions trading system establishment provides experience and technical support.