Dissertation > Language, writing > FOREIGN > English > Grammar

A Cognitive Study of the Cleft Sentence in English

Author YinShan
Tutor QinYuXiang
School Hunan Normal University
Course English Language and Literature
Keywords English cleft sentences Generate Use Highlight
CLC H314
Type Master's thesis
Year 2009
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The sentence is the result of human cognitive behavior and state of the objective world language representation. As an unconventional sentence split reflects the initiative of human cognitive activity. Human cognitive ability to play an important role in the generation and use of the process to split the sentence. However, previous research on the split sentence form and function in both directions from the start, or description cleft sentence syntactic features, conversion rules, or analysis of discourse and discourse function of cleft sentence, few people through these surfaces syntactic or pragmatic phenomena, discover the underlying causes of the syntactic structure. Cognitive Linguistics Prominent theoretical framework, figure / ground principle and the concept of semantic role cleft sentences in English, cognitive rationale for its generation and use, and it presents the various grammatical features to make a reasonable explanation. This article will highlight divided into conventional highlight and context highlighted. Conventional highlight the things natural highlight the human cognitive processes. Conventional highlighted object by occupying the subject position of the sentence in the language to reflect the prominent presence. However, in the specific activities of the human understanding of the objective world, does not have a natural highlight the status of the entity will become the main goal of human cognition, and was to some kind of grammatical means to be reflected in the language, this is the context highlights. Some context to highlight the object by means of the subject position to reflect the salience marked subject will be generated. One can also use a special syntax structure to achieve Context highlight, the result is generated markup syntax structure. Cleft sentence is such a marked grammatical structure, context highlighting is to promote the generation of cognitive motivation. Based on the Graphics / Background principle, this article will split the special structure of the sentence as a \which was to highlight the following sentence that / who acts as a sentence background. The use of split sentences there are many restrictions. This article considers to see from the angle of the highlight, with special attribute entities can be distinguished from the surrounding environment in order to obtain the highlight only in specific contexts, and therefore graphical become Context highlight the; language representation, the graph must be independent and complete semantic roles. By analyzing each sentence elements as semantic role split sentence use limitations made uniform interpretation. In addition, the paper also highlights the concept of how it affects the language of the cleft sentence significance discussed, split sentence several pragmatic functions such as default, meaning and rhetorical functions are context highlights the strong link.

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