The Analysis of Function and Cognition of Words Two-tone Side by Side with Analogy in "Modern Chinese Dictionary"
|Keywords||Modern Chinese Dictionary words two-tone side by side analogy metaphor metonymy|
This article takes words two-tone side by side with analogy in "Modern Chinese Dictionary" (the 5th edition) as study object. I would like to use some research methods as induction summarizes, quantitative analysis, illustration analysis to make a universal description and analysis about forming new word, which is based on the exhausted and closeness foundation. I hope that it could arrive some aims as follow: First, We could summarize the principle of forming new word, Second, count the quantity of words two-tone side by side with analogy in "Modern Chinese Dictionary" (the 5th edition) and the frequency of each kind of explaination patterns. Third, inspect questions which exist in the dictionary and propose some suggestions.This paper includes four parts: First, the determination of study scope and explanation of basic principles. This article takes words two-tone side by side with analogy in "Modern Chinese Dictionary" (the 5th edition) as study object. In addition, we illustrate the situation of forming new word and conversing type based on the theory of metaphor, metonymy and lexicalization.Second, Categories and process of forming new word. We through the reorganization and inspection to the object language materials, concluding three types of forming new word: the new word comes from phrase, the new word comes from old word, the new meaning comes from old word, the metaphor and metonymy make a great influence to them. The conclusion found by measuring is that, the phrase forms a new word by metaphor only is more than by metaphor and metonymy. It is the same with forming a new meaning. Because the latter process is complex.Third, converse type of words two-tone side by side with analogy and metaphor plays a important role in it.Finally, Some consideration of problems countered in this paper will be made.