Our high-speed railway investment and financing problems of
|School||Beijing Jiaotong University|
|Keywords||BOT Comparative Study Finance Investment and Financing High Speed Rail Passenger|
China as a typical continental country with a large population, vast territory, economic linkages and exchanges span, there is a strong need to transport the entire country and the economy linked. As an important railway infrastructure, the main artery of the national economy and popular means of transport, the most notable feature is the carrying capacity, low operating costs, energy consumption, both in the bulk, large flow over the long distance passenger and cargo traffic has an absolute advantage, but also in high flow, high-density short-haul intercity passenger transport has a strong competitive edge, is the most suitable for China's economic geographical features and people's income level backbone transport. Although the reform and opening up, China's railway construction has made remarkable achievements, but with the needs of economic and social development, China's railway is at the scale and quality are still a big gap. To fundamentally solve the railway supply and demand, countries have developed long-term planning as well as the railway \According to the State Council approved the \Click planning objectives, last year by the State Council in 2004 approved the \plan \According to \However, relying on conventional sources of China's railway construction funds rely on government investment in basic mode, it is difficult to meet the large-scale high-speed railway construction funding needs, and how to expand financing channels, to diversify funding, we need to consider the issue, the paper writing motivation It is based on this. In this thesis, the more developed foreign high-speed rail three countries Germany, France and Japan, high-speed railway sources of financing, management and model as the starting point, a detailed analysis of these three countries to finance high-speed railway construction characteristics, attempts to draw on its high-speed railway construction success of the financing, combined with China's national conditions being extended to large-scale construction of railway passenger line projects. Thesis is divided into five parts: introduction, infrastructure financing basic theory, foreign railway financing situation analysis, China's high-speed rail financing situation analysis, conclusions and recommendations.