Geography Yunnan old tin Modern ( 1884-1949 years )
|Keywords||The tin mining industry of Ko-chiu Layout The Custom of Mengtsz Haiphong-Yunnanfu Railway distribution|
Ko-chiu in Yunnan Province is rich in tin resources. It has a long history of development, particularly in the end of 19th century and the early 20th century, as industrial raw material, the tin products in Ko-chiu went into the world’s capitalist market under the wave of developing international capitalism. The tin mining industry gained great success in modern times due to the opening of Mengtsz and the building of railway from Yunnan to Vietnam. This industrial development with a character of international market-oriented is different from traditional development of natural resources.In this paper, considering the modern tin commercialization activities in Ko-chiu as a break through point, analyzing the materials such as old Customs trade reports with high scientific and precise value, survey data in modern times as well as various related historical literatures, using GIS technology and mathematical statistical method, carefully observe the condition which transfer the tin resources in Ko-chiu into export commodity, recover the layout for developing the tin mines and study the development and changes in terms of the scale, distribution of the external marketing of the tin products during the period of late Qing Dynasty. On the basis of study, the author try to find out the regional economic and ecological impact of tin mines industry in modern times.