The Research on the Peasants’ Cooperative Society in the View of Civil Society Theory
|School||East China Normal University|
|Keywords||civil society public sphere the peasants’ cooperative society non-governmental organization|
Peasants’ organization research is an important subject in the current new rural reconstruction. The peasants’ cooperative society is a new way of organizing Chinese peasants in the new time .The available research on the peasants’ cooperative society is basically by the economic angle of view,limits in the policy research ,however,the research on social structure and social construction is very few . Under the Civil Society Theory background , taking Habeimasi’ Public Sphere Theory as the main angle of view , this research attempts to study the cooperative society from three angles: occurrence , operation and function , ultimatly to analyze the relationship between the peasants’ cooperative society and the civil society .Since it is a case research , by the methods of literature research ,structure interviews and paticipatory observation ,the author obtains the first materials.This paper is composed of five parts. The first part is introductory remarks, based on literature research, proposes the main angle of view, question consciousness and research technique.The second part elaborates peasants’ cooperative society’s occurrence mechanism, firstly reviewes the peasants cooperative society’s historical evolution,again attributes the peasants’cooperative society’s occurrence to the civil society’s growth. The third part elaborates the cooperative society’s operational mechanism, firstly the peasants’ cooperative society is considered as an autonomous folk organization, which is an independent social main body , can carry on the effective self-controlling, does not rely on the state power in the aspect of organization resources obtaining, but depends on the members’ approval. Then, from the stock cooperation system, the withdrawal power, the member of society congress and Uyguring power several aspects to explain the operation situation of the peasants’ cooperative society, with emphasis analyzing the civil society’s special characteristic which it manifests.The fourth part, elaborates the peasants’ cooperative society’s function.The main function is as follows: helping peasants to increases income, impelling the countryside community economy to develop; promoting the peasants’ citizen consciousness; promoting the citizen society’s organic unity and the realization of harmonious society’s ideal. The fifth part is the Summary and resonsideration.