Analysis of differences in human capital of China 's urban residents personal income rate
|Keywords||Returns to Human Capital Regional Variance Hierarchical Linear Model (HLM)|
As the carrier of technological innovation and scientific management, human capital plays a more important role on economic development, especially in today’s information age. The disequilibrium economy in China leads to the regional variance of returns to human capital, which further effects the investment, movement, allocation and efficiency of human capital in different regions and leads to the deeper gap of economic development within different regions. Therefore, the analyses of the regional variance of returns to human capital help to understand the regional movement of labors on deferent levels and provide supporting proofs on arranging regional polices of human capital and economic development.This paper focuses on the returns to human capital of urban China and selects the indexes which can measure the extent of market-oriented as the predict variances to explain the regional variance of returns to human capital. Then the author conceives the Hierarchical Linear Model by using the predict variances. The result shows that the regional variance obviously exists in urban China nowadays both within different department and different regions. And the regional different can be somewhat explained by the extent of market-oriented. The data analyzed in this paper were collected by the research project "China General Social Survey (CGSS)" sponsored by the China Social Science Foundation.