Dissertation
Dissertation > Economic > Economic planning and management > Economic calculation, economic and mathematical methods > Economic and mathematical methods

Benefits Loss of China’s Static Trade and Solution

Author HeZuoZuo
Tutor WangBiDa
School Lanzhou Commercial College
Course International Trade
Keywords Vertical Specialization Static trade interests Outflow Worsening terms of trade
CLC F224
Type Master's thesis
Year 2009
Downloads 133
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In the course of development of the theory of international trade, the benefits of trade allocation has been one of the core issues of their research. Is generally believed that the benefits of international trade consists of two parts: the static trade interests and dynamic trade interests. Realize the extent of the static trade interests are directly related to a country's economic growth in the short term if the smooth realization of the domestic as well as the dynamic trade interests can be achieved in the long term. International division of labor as the basis for international trade, and is closely related to the distribution of benefits of trade. Based on the new international division of labor changes - vertical specialization division since the 1970s, the research perspective, as the research object to the the static trade interests in China, focusing on the formation mechanism of the effects of the static trade interests drain, and based on a vertical specialized division of labor based on the reality of China's processing trade, the empirical analysis of the phenomenon of loss of static trade interests in China, and finally propose appropriate governance channels. The thesis is divided into five parts. The first part combined with the reality of today's worldwide trade, described the theoretical background and practical significance of the topics that vertical specialization, the developing countries, the prevalence of static trade interests (mainly refers to the actual benefits) damaged phenomenon . The second part of the vertical specialization as well as how to allocate the benefits of trade at home and abroad Research combing summarize. Overall, the international division of labor and trade theory study on the distribution of benefits of trade more perfect, but for the study of the benefits of trade are concentrated in the dynamic trade interests of industrial upgrading effect, technological progress effect level in the new division of labor studies the realization of the benefits of static trade also seems to be rather thin. The third part in vertical specialization elaborated on the basis of the allocation mechanism under the trade interests of the formation mechanism of the loss of static trade interests. This paper argues that the loss of static trade interests in China is the result of a low-level circulation, leads to static comparative advantage a rigid existence of the comparative advantage of the industry, which is difficult to truly optimize the trade structure, the downward trend in terms of trade trade structure is irrational, thereby affecting The static trade interests; multinationals internalize the microscopic behavior will exacerbate the extent of the loss of a whole. The fourth part of the actual combination of China's processing trade, a detailed analysis of the status quo of China's vertical specialization under unfavorable terms of trade, confirmed by the fact that the loss of the static trade interests in China and from the level of the terms of trade. Last improvement and governance of static suggestions and countermeasures of the loss of the benefits of trade that China should actively build dynamic comparative advantage, to cultivate advanced factors of production, upgrade the industrial structure, changing trade patterns and give full play to the government under the supervision of multinational companies positive effects, in order to achieve the interests of China's trade growth from both qualitative and quantitative aspects.

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