|Course||Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics|
|Keywords||Relevance Theory Humor Discord Cognitive Context Mutual Ming|
Humor is a special language phenomenon, it is widely present in our daily lives. As a special form of verbal communication, humor can defuse embarrassing, add fun, reflecting the human intelligence and taste, art treasures of human language, verbal humor research has important practical significance. Study of verbal humor can be traced back to ancient Greece, Plato and Aristotle, when people mainly in physiology, psychology, anthropology and sociology analyze research. Recent years, with linguistics continues to grow, people began to focus on verbal humor from the linguistic point of view to analyze research. The initial study was from the semantics, rhetoric, and the angle of Syntax, and then developed into the pragmatics of deixis, speech acts, cooperative principles for analysis. With the pragmatics of this emerging discipline continues to evolve, more and more scholars to look on the study of language in use, the meaning or significance of language in context. And that a new science - Cognitive Linguistics In addition to research, \verbal humor. Which the French scholar Si Bobo and Wilson in 1986, the British scholar relevance theory proposed in recent years to bring a greater impact pragmatic academic Cognitive and Pragmatic Theory. In this thesis, relevance theory, from a cognitive perspective humor generation and understanding of the process. By applying the theory associated with the two principles: the principle of maximum correlation (cognitive principles) and the principle of optimal relevance (communicative principle), attempts to reveal the essence of humor is associated with the best from the largest association of transition. This article will U.S. sitcom \This article from the introduction, body and conclusion of three parts. The first part is an introduction, an overview of humor research status at home and abroad, and describes the features and thesis theoretical and practical significance. This paper selected \. The second part is the body, composed of three parts: The first chapter introduces the research object of knowledge summary: humor and sitcoms. Is divided into two: the first introduces the definition of humor, humor features three theories of humor (dissonance theory / incongruity theory, theory and superiority release) and its modern linguistics. Section II describes the sitcom and the paper's source corpus \The second chapter describes the application of this theory - Relevance Theory. Including the associated definitions, relevance theory two principles: the principle of maximum correlation (cognitive principles) and the principle of optimal relevance (communicative principles), and the associated theory of express mode of reasoning and cognitive context an important role. Associated with the first principle (cognitive principles): human cognition tends to coincide with the maximum correlation; associated with the second principle (principles of communication): Every one should express communicative acts conceived as having its own optimal relevance. Relevance is a relative concept, is an associate to a minimum by the maximum correlation or unrelated continuum. Its strength depends on two factors: the processing effort and contextual effects. Under the same conditions, the smaller the processing effort or contextual effects, the stronger the greater the correlation. The third chapter is empirical research. Take qualitative research methods to the U.S. sitcom \process. Section I first describe the theoretical analysis by correlating the formation mechanism of the theory of verbal humor. Humor is an express - reasoning communicative acts, verbal humor that made laugh principle: The maximum correlation exists between relevance and significance of the best contrast and inverse correlation with the processing effort. When the hearer's largest association of expectations and the actual speaker contrast between optimal relevance, the humorous effect is accompanied by misunderstanding and discord arises. Form in the language, which for the three cases, namely, Wikipedia information, speech and incongruity caused syntax. In the cognitive level, it produces in the recipient associated with expectations regarding response Schema language is broken and activated. Whether it is broken or schema is activated, all the recipient cognitive context changes. Section selected examples illustrate the application of relevance theory to understand the five steps of verbal humor. Section III of \humor, and relevance theory analysis and study, explains the implementation process verbal humor. To illustrate the relevance theory of verbal humor with a strong understanding of the generation and interpretation of the role. The fourth chapter describes the findings of this study and inspiration. First citation in article contains two questions raised and the associated dynamic perspective and context discord and pointed humor comprehension obstacles in the process. Section II is the study of verbal humor inspiration: first proposed study on the relevance and humor awareness; Second language learning is based on the barriers to language teaching cognitive propose some ideas and views. The final section summarizes the main arguments of the text, and pointed out the relevance theory from the perspective of understanding the theory of verbal humor and practical significance.