Study on Geographical Landscape Feature and ShuiKou in Ancient Village in HuiZhou
|School||Anhui Agricultural University|
|Course||Ornamental Plants and Horticulture|
|Keywords||Geographical features Landscape Ecology Land Use Pattern ShuiKou Garden Ancient village Huizhou|
3S technology by scanning topographic maps and field surveys in the geographic information system platform using ArcGIS software to make topographic maps and three-dimensional topography simulation and spatial analysis; Selection of Yixian City Basin south of 31km2 small watershed analysis village layout characteristics, summarized village site based to use SPS mathematical model; landscape ecology principles and methods of Huizhou region keep intact the five ancient villages, Tang mold, Hongcun and Nanping off foot and Xidi The analysis and comparison of various villages in the land-use pattern. At the same time, analyzed the Huizhou Ancient Village outlet location, structure and function of the internal elements, summarized the outlet of the type. The results are as follows: (1) through the ArcGIS statistical analysis and buffer analysis, the study of ancient villages built area for its village location with good correlation: found major built-up areas of research to villages located in the river on both sides of 0m to 200m of range, and villages in depth span generally reach 200m ~ 300m. (2) the distance of the villages of the total area of ??village water villages in various buffer distribution scale and villages of the total scale associated with linear, which buffer II total village area has a highly significant correlation available y = 2.882t 2.167E3 to describe; having a weak correlation with distance village area is also influenced by other factors. Village zoning scale and villages between the total size of significant correlation. (3) Huizhou mountainous villages in the basin plain villages obvious difference between landscape pattern: the basin plain-village landscape diversity above the mountainous villages; mountainous villages with high landscape advantage degrees and lower landscape evenness; the basin plain type village high degree of landscape fragmentation by human interference. (4) the slope of the three main village landscape zonation found in the mountainous village woodland area than the maximum, the highest degree of landscape advantages, and its distribution is presented as the slope increases the proportion of higher trend; rice fields main types of agricultural landscape, mountainous villages in the basin plain villages are mainly distributed in relatively flat terrain of the region; economic forest distribution is more complex, each village different distribution pattern, mainly distributed in the slope lt; 15 ° region, according to the species different plant growth habits of its distribution area is also subject to change. (5) the functionality of Huizhou Ancient Village outlet with the historical development and change dynamically. Gradually evolved from the early days of feng shui product a village public areas, provide domestic water production, defense, recreation and landscaping features, but the outlet the purpose of building no fundamental changes. Outlet construction practices, as well as the villages terrain, landforms, rivers scale factors outlet summarized as plain outlet, several major types of plain semi-natural outlet, the outlet of the canyon, riparian type nozzle, towns outlet , at the same time to explore the characteristics of different types of outlet. Of the distribution of characteristics in the analysis of the Huizhou villages, explore the direction and mode of development of the ancient village of architectural conservation, cultural heritage and villages on the basis of the land-use patterns and outlet functions, elements, types, and status quo, Huizhou region the village transformation and development planning scientific basis.