The Research of Relief System for Damage Compensate from Drug Misadventures
|School||Shanghai Jiaotong University|
|Keywords||Phytotoxicity event Damages Relief system|
Drugs as a special commodity, the benefits and dangers, in the treatment of diseases also cause damage. Since the 20th century, countries biomedical technology rapid development, greatly improve and enhance the people's quality of life and health, but also generated a lot of drug damage. For centuries, the world phytotoxicity events continue to occur, causing the casualties, economic losses is difficult to estimate. Since 2006, China has the frequent occurrence of the injury event, the impact of \The right to life and health of the people, but also to some extent affected the public's trust in the pharmaceutical industry. But because of the lack of special phytotoxicity event damage relief system, Relief and Rehabilitation of these events can not be handled properly, the victim's interests are not effectively protected, has attracted the close attention of the social parties, but also to make sense of the regulatory authorities damage to the necessity of the relief system to establish the injury event. Throughout history, the United States, Germany, Japan and other developed countries, starting from the sixties and seventies of the last century, it experienced many incidents of serious injury events, through years of practice, the countries, including Taiwan, China phytotoxicity event damage compensation has accumulated a wealth of experience, a more mature set damages, by government compensation insurance, social funds and other means of compensation for the victims. This article is based on the perspective of the public and the government, the meaning of injury events set for drug-induced damage to damage relief mechanism for the design of the system from the broader context of the injury event. First brief description of the the phytotoxicity event concept and classification to collect the phytotoxicity event occurred in recent years in China and damages circumstances, analysis of China in recent years, frequent incidents of injury and through the questionnaire of the the phytotoxicity event parties carry out the Drug Relief empirical study, which summarized the basic overview and relief the plight of compensation for our existing injury events. Followed by analysis and comparison of the United States, Germany, Japan and other countries, as well as China's Taiwan Drug Relief system, summed up the shared principles of national relief system and relief. Again, the total risk and learn the advantages of various types of injury relief system through a comparative analysis of our existing food and drug damage remedies, departure from the practice, advocated the establishment of a responsible party in line with China's national conditions, the government-led environment injury compensation relief system, the establishment of special relief funds and specialized agencies handling, to ensure that victims of injury events timely and effective manner to obtain relief, improve the social security system in China.