Dissertation
Dissertation > Economic > The world economic profiles,economic history,economic geography > China's economy > National economic plan and its management

Equalization of basic public services in urban and rural integration process Study of the Problem

Author WuZhiPeng
Tutor HeYunFeng
School Shanghai Normal University
Course Administration
Keywords Basic public services Equalization Urban-rural integration
CLC F123
Type Master's thesis
Year 2009
Downloads 1271
Quotes 11
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After 30 years of reform and development, China began to survival-oriented society as its main task to solve the food and clothing to the development as the goal to promote the comprehensive development of social transition. Public demand for comprehensive and rapid growth and public services are not in place, the shortage of basic public goods become a new stage of the outstanding contradictions. In this particular context, to achieve equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas has become a new stage of urban and rural development, an important task to promote the integration of urban and rural. Firstly, a theoretical analysis on the Equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas. The concept of the \the public to enjoy, to meet public needs, to achieve social equity target products and services. \Basic education, health, social security, employment and other livelihood basic public goods and services included in the scope of basic public services. The equalization of basic public services \Theoretical analysis, an empirical study of China's urban and rural non-equalization of basic public services. Through large amounts of data on urban and rural gap in compulsory education, public health, social security and other aspects of a comprehensive comparison to clarify the necessity and urgency promote the equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas. A comprehensive and systematic analysis of the fourth part of the article on our practical reasons non-equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas from the macro, meso and micro levels. From a macro perspective, the fundamental reason is that the urban-rural dual structure of urban and rural non-equalization of basic public services. A series of administrative institutional arrangements including the household registration system, employment system, education system, social security system. These institutional arrangements created urban and rural residents in the rights, opportunities, ability uneven, thereby seriously obstructing the process of the equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas. Concept from the perspective, non-equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas because of China's financial system is imperfect, the current financial system is not conducive to urban and rural basic public services supply. The central financial support of basic public services in rural areas compared to cities there is a great gap between the grass-roots government's fiscal capacity is very limited, and the current system of transfer payments equalization effect did not play very well, the financial system is imperfect equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas of the smooth realization of the obstacles. From the micro-level, rural basic public services supply mechanism is far from perfect, the total lack of supply, the main supply of a single, irrational supply structure, these are the equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas need to solve the contradiction. Departure from China's actual situation, the equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas need from top to bottom, from macro to micro, a series of reform and innovation. First, we must strive to get rid of urban-rural dual structure. Protection of rural residents and urban residents has the same rights, opportunities and capabilities; Secondly, the equalization of basic public services as orientation, strengthen the public finance reform, the establishment of the public finance system is conducive to promoting the equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas; Finally, We need to improve the rural basic public services supply system. Perfect expression of the interests of farmers mechanism to strengthen the rural basic public services supplied to the main innovation, the establishment of the city long-term mechanism for rural support - feedback \

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