FDI impact on the international competitiveness of China's industrial research
|School||Shanghai Normal University|
|Keywords||Foreign Direct Investment Electronics and telecommunications equipment manufacturing industry International competitiveness Innovation capability|
The strength of a country's overall economic strength is the international competitive strength of its principal industries, the international competition of the 21st century is necessarily based on the international competitiveness of industries based on the competition of comprehensive national strength. As a developing country, China since the reform and opening up, the number of each year to attract foreign direct investment in the high-speed growth, the trend of international competition more and more obvious. As one of the leading industry of China's national economy and strategic industries electronic and telecommunications equipment manufacturing industry is a large industry, the inflow of foreign capital in China and become one of our industry with strong international competitiveness. Research the impact of FDI on the international competitiveness of the electronics and telecommunications equipment manufacturing industry, not only helped us to develop effective measures to enhance the international competitiveness of the industry, but also conducive to other industries to learn from. First, by reviewing the content of the international competitiveness of related industries at home and abroad, sources, evaluation index system, evaluation methods, and foreign direct investment in the basic theory. Draw on existing general industrial international competitiveness theory and evaluation methods based on the importance of the principle of screening out the main indicators of the impact of electronic and telecommunications equipment manufacturing industry international competitiveness, based on these indicators, the analysis of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing development status. In the empirical part, the use of linear regression and principal component analysis, analysis of the impact of FDI on China's electronic and communication equipment manufacturing industry international competitiveness. Finally, the theoretical and empirical part summary on how to effectively utilize foreign investment, and how to improve the international competitiveness of China's electronic and telecommunications equipment manufacturing industry, and proposed the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions from the national, industry and enterprise levels. Statistics can get through on principal component analysis of electronic and telecommunications equipment manufacturing industry in recent years, the international competitiveness and sort using linear regression equation between FDI and the international electronic and telecommunications equipment manufacturing industry competitiveness of a positive correlation between in recent years, the impact of foreign investment for the industry's international competitiveness is waning. These results suggest that one hand to further utilization of foreign investment, on the other hand, FDI caused by the monopoly of the core technologies of electronic and telecommunications equipment manufacturing industry in China are foreign-funded enterprises, the impact of independent innovation and brand management capabilities of local enterprises in China. In response to this situation, the central government is to promote independent innovation, to encourage the flow of talent, Attracting quality, improve the industrial clusters, improve the law, to maintain a fair competitive environment; local governments to improve the efficiency and transparency, improve foreign capital institutions, remain relevant encourage and support policy continuity and cash; same time, China should further improve the construction of Electronics and Communications Industry Association, clear its functions, give full play to the role of intermediaries and bridges; enterprise itself should encourage research and innovation and to promote industrial the formation of the chain, improve self-absorption capacity, implementation of international strategy, strengthen the construction of its own brand as well as the implementation of mergers and acquisitions and strategic alliances. The main contribution of this paper is that the full effects of foreign direct investment and the relationship of electronic and telecommunications equipment manufacturing industry, building and influencing factors of foreign direct investment in the international competitiveness of China's electronic and communication equipment manufacturing system to enrich the international competitiveness of specific industry segments ways to enhance the research, and provide a basis for the formulation of foreign policies to attract investment.