Christian Culture and Spirit of Western Constitutionlism
|School||Southwest University of Political Science|
|Course||Constitutional and Administrative Law|
|Keywords||Christian Constitutional spirit Faith|
Constitutional culture is rooted in a culture unique Western soil, the formation of the Western constitutional spirit of its profound and unique cultural background, and no doubt on the constitutional spirit of heritage and development plays a vital Christian culture in traditional Western culture role can not be ignored. The context of the development of the spirit of Western constitutionalism combing from the point of view of Christian culture is conducive to more comprehensive and profound analysis of the growth mechanism of its substantive content of Western constitutionalism. Currently less affect the formation of the Christian culture of Western constitutionalism theorists correlation is not paid enough attention to the spirit of Christian culture and Western constitutionalism. Looking at this article from the perspective of the Christian culture of Western constitutional discusses Western Christian culture important influence on the formation and development of modern constitutional spirit, in order to explore the construction of the Chinese constitutional thinking. The first part, dealt primarily with the Christian cultural heritage of the ancient spirit of constitutionalism. Its unique influence in the promotion of Christian doctrine, while acting as the inheritors of the ancient spirit of constitutionalism, precisely because of this feature of Christianity, so the constitutional spirit of ancient Europe founded on ancient Greece and Christianity became the state religion in the Roman Republic more complete heritage. The second part discusses the struggle of the medieval period lay and clerical, religious reform movement as well as the classical school of natural law doctrine important for the development of the spirit of constitutionalism. Christianity of the Middle Ages is unwilling to only in the spirit of the world is in a dominant position, which launched a challenge to the secular authority, The game between lay and clerical making decentralization ideas to be nurtured, and lay a solid ideological foundation for the development of modern and contemporary constitutionalism. Bourgeois revolution to the Protestant banner, as well as criticism of the classical natural jurist Christian culture has injected new vitality to the development of modern constitutional spirit and also the protection of human rights and the limitation of government power thinking gradually penetrated into the modern spirit of constitutionalism in. The third part focuses on the contents of the constitutional spirit of Christian culture plays an important role, including the concept of Christian \faith in God and the correlation between the supremacy of the Constitution.