Villagers’ Self-rule on Law View
|Keywords||Villagers' autonomy Problem Countermeasure|
Agriculture, rural areas and farmers in China are called rural issues, substantive complexity is the ancient Chinese political executives always want to solve and solve the problem of bad. Villagers' self-government was first associated with the rural economic system reform appear, it is our new model of the emergence of new forms of governance following the people's commune system. In 1977, first appeared in the household contract responsibility system in Anhui Province has a direct impact on the people's commune system. The villagers 'committees first appeared in 1980 around the Spring Festival, Guangxi Yizhou screen the Nango together Zhai, then, in many rural areas, the spontaneous formation of collective affairs of the management of the village but the name is not uniform, is not now the villagers' committee in the strict sense. In 1982, the National People's Congress formally villagers 'committee as the national rural grassroots organizations written into the Constitution, established the basic spirit of the villagers' autonomy, \oversight and democratic management system of villagers' self-government is now embarked on a process of legalization. The villagers 'self-government is one of the important achievements of China's rural reform, from the point of view of constitutional studies, many of the villagers' autonomy has constitutional significance of institutional innovation is the development of our constitutional system, but also greatly promoted China's democracy and legal system process. Legal research into the 21st century, villagers autonomy rapid warming, village self-government study in depth from the surface to the interior, focusing on theoretical discussion deeper. Abroad for China's villagers autonomy extensive research, the villager autonomy movement attracted widespread attention and praise of the international community. But for lack of substantive solutions to the problems encountered in the villagers' autonomy implementation process. Lot of Practice has proved that China in the process of villagers 'self-government has made great achievements, but also face a lot of problems, such as the reality of the township government and village committee, two of the dislocation of the Commission, bribery rampant, villagers' self-government The legal system is still obvious shortcomings, the low quality of village cadres, villagers' awareness of democracy and the rule of law is weak, these issues directly affect the development of villager autonomy and normative. Therefore, the authors start from the generation of villagers 'autonomy and the state ought to analyze the main problems as well as problems in the Chinese villager autonomy, and countermeasure recommendations for problems: First, should further improve the legal system of villagers' autonomy ; Second, the specification township governments, village party branch and village committee behavior; once again, to improve the culture of the legal quality of the village cadres and enthusiasm to serve the people; final training villagers democratic awareness, improve the villagers' democratic management capacity to participate.