A Study on Problems and Countermeasures of General Land-Use Planning of Guangdong Province
|School||Sun Yat-sen University|
|Keywords||General land-use planning Land macro-control Planning failure Countermeasures Guangdong Province|
As a kind of public policies, general land-use planning leads the land administration in China. It is the prearrangement and the behavior rule for reasonable distribution and organization of land use in a definite region by the government and non-government public organizations, for the aim of the development of economy and society and the sustainable land-use in a certain period. It is in essence the authoritative distribution of social benefits of land-use by government. By the unified deployment of the center government,Guangdong province had carried out two round of general land-use planning. And the latest one that planned from year 1997 to 2010 is approaching to its end. It is helpful to improve the theory of general land-use planning of China and to promote the scientific land administration of Guangdong province by analyzing the problems during planning making and implementing, thinking and putting forward countermeasures.This article briefly introduces the background and the issues and the meaning of the research, reviews some comments and consideration for planning making and implementing and improving by civil scholars, makes briefly summary and defines the concept and the public policy characteristic for general land-use planning. The main research method in this article is literature research method, combined with relative data analysis of general land-use planning of Guangdong province. On the other hand, the article reviews the background of general land-use planning of Guangdong province that is planned from year 1997 to 2010, introduces the main contents, and makes some comments and analysis for the implementation effect. Then the article makes some conclusions: the main effect of the planning implementation include establishing plan system that takes farmland preservation as main goal and land use regulation institution, improving people’s cognition degree and acceptance degree to the plan, laying the foundation that land participates in macro control, but the plan was failed analyzing the general effect of plan target implementation. The reasons are: first of all, the economic-man of government is the direct reason to planning failure through a point of view of plan behavior subject, and the plan is just a lowest level rational planning considering the spokesman characteristic of planners. And the second, inaccuracy of basic number and distortion of planning map are the basic reason considering the methods and the technologies of planning making, and the unscientific distribution of plan index leads to the imbalance of region’s demands. And the third, the plan is relatively backward and lack of flexibility from planning implementation.To deal with the problems above, this article learns some beneficial experience and characteristics of land-use planning from other countries and then puts forward some countermeasures to make the planning more scientific and feasible. Such as: adjust the benefit relationship between governments, enhance the power for planners to participate in decision making, increase the level of public participation and promote the innovation of planning decision system, establish planning management information system by using“3S”technology well, change“increment planning”to“roof planning”, carry out marketization of plan index moderately, strengthen research for“flexible space”.