Experimental Study of Attentional Bias to Angry Faces in Trait Anxious Individuals
|Keywords||Trait Anxiety Attentional Bias Search Recognition|
Spielberger divided into the anxiety trait anxiety and state anxiety , trait anxiety refers to the anxiety tendencies exhibit relatively long-lasting , stable individual differences , and that the external environment to stimulate the perception of danger or threat to the tendency , and the threat of this may have a tendency to anxiety reaction , and the state of anxiety is a transient state of tension . Researchers around the relationship between trait anxiety and attention bias in a large number of trait anxiety cognitive research carried out in-depth research , the formation of a series of related theories . The study included two experiments. Experiment 1 for the general conduct of the experiment , record test responses to stimuli . Experimental eye movement experiments to record test search reaction and recognition reaction . Prepared by Spielberger State - Trait Anxiety Inventory -Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-T) screened 60 subjects , including high and low trait anxiety group 30 . All Photos out of effective screening test to participate in the visual search task presented each Photos including seven faces in Experiment 1 , a total of four kinds of faces ( anger, smile , sad and neutral ) , experimental 2 3 the species ( anger , smiling and neutral ) , were the tasks are the same seven faces judgment Photos . The results show that : high trait anxiety individuals react Photos containing angry faces significantly shorter than with smiling faces , Photos and Photos contains sad faces of , demonstrated a threat stimulus attentional bias ; low trait anxiety individuals There was no difference when the reaction of the three types of pictures , no attentional bias . High the Trait Anxiety individual search anger faces was significantly faster than the smiling faces , identify angry faces faster than the smiling faces .