Dissertation > Philosophy, religion > Psychology > Psychological processes and mental state

Experimental Study of Attentional Bias to Angry Faces in Trait Anxious Individuals

Author HeZhuo
Tutor LuZhongYi
School Hebei Normal
Course Basic Psychology
Keywords Trait Anxiety Attentional Bias Search Recognition
CLC B842
Type Master's thesis
Year 2010
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Spielberger divided into the anxiety trait anxiety and state anxiety , trait anxiety refers to the anxiety tendencies exhibit relatively long-lasting , stable individual differences , and that the external environment to stimulate the perception of danger or threat to the tendency , and the threat of this may have a tendency to anxiety reaction , and the state of anxiety is a transient state of tension . Researchers around the relationship between trait anxiety and attention bias in a large number of trait anxiety cognitive research carried out in-depth research , the formation of a series of related theories . The study included two experiments. Experiment 1 for the general conduct of the experiment , record test responses to stimuli . Experimental eye movement experiments to record test search reaction and recognition reaction . Prepared by Spielberger State - Trait Anxiety Inventory -Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-T) screened 60 subjects , including high and low trait anxiety group 30 . All Photos out of effective screening test to participate in the visual search task presented each Photos including seven faces in Experiment 1 , a total of four kinds of faces ( anger, smile , sad and neutral ) , experimental 2 3 the species ( anger , smiling and neutral ) , were the tasks are the same seven faces judgment Photos . The results show that : high trait anxiety individuals react Photos containing angry faces significantly shorter than with smiling faces , Photos and Photos contains sad faces of , demonstrated a threat stimulus attentional bias ; low trait anxiety individuals There was no difference when the reaction of the three types of pictures , no attentional bias . High the Trait Anxiety individual search anger faces was significantly faster than the smiling faces , identify angry faces faster than the smiling faces .

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