The Study on Temple Economy in the Yuan Dynasty
|Keywords||the Yuan Dynasty Buddhism temple economy Religious policy|
The Superstructure is decided by the Economic Base. The development of economy has something to do with every aspect of the social life. As a main component of the Ideology, Buddhism temple economy in Yuan Dynasty has a close contact with the economy of society. This article takes the Buddhism in Yuan Dynasty as the main object, to research the relationship between the religion and the economy, including temple economy content﹑ forms﹑ features and the disciplines of development. The research methods in my article are taking examples﹑contemporary comparison﹑Comprehensive Analysis, and so on. The purpose is to describe the Buddhism temple economy and the economy of society in the Yuan Dynasty, in order to show its whole appearance and main features.This article includes three parts: Introduction, Main Body and Conclusion. In the introduction, we mainly talk about the basic concepts, current situation of the research on temple economy in China, the purpose and implication of our research. The main body is divided into three chapters. Chapter one introduces the religion policy in Yuan Dynasty. Chapter two is the main body, which describe the temple economy in the Yuan Dynasty exhaustively and comprehensively. It describes the development of Buddhism temple economy in Yuan Dynasty and analyzes the reason; talks about it’s main sources; analyses it’s modes of operation; In chapter three, we introduce the impact of Buddhism temple economy on the society, including three fields: Political, economical and cultural. In the conclusion, we take a comprehensive evaluation on the Buddhism temple economy in Yuan Dynasty, by comparing with the temple economy in Song Dynasty and Ming Dynasty.The Buddhism temple economy is one main part of the society’s economic history; simultaneously, the Yuan Dynasty is an important period of the Ancient Chinese History. By the analysis on Buddhism temple economy in Yuan Dynasty, we hope this article can show you the main line of temple economy’s Rise and fall, in order to improve our understanding on the society economic structure in that period, and help us understanding the interactive relationship between Buddhism and Taoism temple economy and the economy of society dialectically.