A Study on Suicide Attempts and Related Factors of College Students in Chongqing
|School||Chongqing Medical University|
|Course||Psychiatry and Mental Health|
|Keywords||University student Attempted suicide Cross-sectional survey Risk Factors|
Objective college students in Chongqing, this special group of mental health, and from the point of initial exploration multivariate students attempted suicide incidence and risk factors for suicide prevention in college students to provide basic data and scientific evidence. Methods in November 2006 to May 2007, in Chongqing randomly selected 11 university students investigated 9,808 cases during the investigation in accordance with the extracted links 11 universities to investigate the situation. Questionnaire by Beijing Hui Long Guan Hospital Beijing Suicide Research and Prevention Center \By a highly trained investigators conduct on-site investigations, each time in the same classroom students surveyed controlled at less than 30 people, the number of students and investigators ratio of 6:1. Through the self-rating scale for statistical analysis to understand the incidence of suicide attempts and related factors, and through multivariate logistic model found that the risk factor. Results Students in Chongqing 9808 cases, 169 (1.7%) reported suicide attempt, male to female ratio 1:1.8; Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that suicide is most closely related to the end then independent risk factors are arranged as follows: immediate family members had committed suicide behavior (OR = 3.87,95% CI of 2.3-6.5), suicidal wishes intensity (3.57,2.2-5.9), know people have had suicidal behavior (2.75,2.0-3.8), have had sexual intercourse ( 2.62,1.8-3.8), nearly in January due to psychological problems or learning affects everyday life (2.59,1.8-3.7), other kinship relatives had suicidal behavior (2.39,1.6-3.5) and girls (2.35,1.7 - 3.3), long-term residence there hypnotics (2.12,1.4-3.3), total score attack high (1.98,1.3-2.9), quality of life in recent January low score (1.98,1.3-2.8), impulsive behavior score high ( 1.57,1.1-2.3), nearly in January because of learning or physical illness affects their daily lives (1.51,1.0-2.3), social support system scores low (1.46,1.0-2.1). Conclusion The combined effect of various risk factors for suicide attempts is an important mechanism. Attempted suicide is not uncommon in college students should bring educators, parents and clinicians are highly valued. College students should be concerned about the long-term mental health, especially at high risk of suicide, the relevant departments must strengthen their social support system, to carry out long-term education about suicide; and according to risk factors of attempted suicide, the development and implementation of targeted suicide prevention programs.