Changes of Family Structure during the Tang and Song Dynasties
|Course||History of Ancient China|
|Keywords||Tang and Song Dynasties Family structure Consanguinity Race Taxes and corvee collection methods|
The family structure is the basis of family history research ring key issues in the study of family structure is the kinship structure. The most common family structure in recent times is three generations of a family of five, as the core of home to the middle generation of middle-aged couple, on a pension under sterile children, families stressed the patrilineal and immediate kinship, and less collateral Brothers cohabitation also less maternal blood relatives doping within the family. But before the Tang Dynasty, the family structure is not the case, the brothers cohabitation more common in the home, and maternal relatives through adoption, descent, in accordance with the pro and other forms of support outside the penetration into the family, kinship structure is more complex. Changes in family structure in the Tang and Song dynasties is inseparable from the environment and social change, and how to understand the changes in the family structure in the social environment, the paper tries to solve the problem. Factors affecting the family structure in the social environment there are many, including family changes and Endowment System change is a more direct impact of two factors, thus cut into the article to choose from these two issues, the specific visits family changes and Endowment System Changes in family the kinship structure changes in the play what role. By examining changes in the Tang and Song Dynasties family a great impact on the structure of the family. Before the Tang Dynasty family in Lee's position to compete with the state, thus suppressed by country, development is not perfect; After the Song Dynasty the Yoshimune received family-clan gradually establish this the clans form of state power go hand in hand, thus winning the support of the state and generally available. In concept, the family to maintain the patrilineal purpose; in real life, the family organization to protect the patrilineal members Descent activities accounted priority, exclusion of the relatives of the female line; organized family can help in the relief on common ancestry widows and orphans, reduce in accordance with the pro custody. Family is not common before the Tang Dynasty, cause Tang family structure, kinship structure is more complex; the universalization of the Song Dynasty future family rejection relatives of the female line, maintaining a patrilineal pure. Endowment System change, the evolution of the collection methods affect the burden of the family, thus affecting the composition of the family members. The burden of home within can be evenly distributed Brothers cohabitation key is the ability to sustain the burden uneven easily lead to the separation of. Previous two tax laws, tax Battle apportion tend to be specific to the individuals of the burden of the tax Battle head, tax Battle apportion directed against an individual, even members of the same family have their own clear burden, the family is not apportioning tax Battle The main unit. In this case, a large family of brothers living together, all together life but everyone the respective tax Battle burden clear, easy to produce contradictions, and brothers live together and can also play the role of mutual use the service. After two tax laws, the tax Battle levied units to \The same time, the importance of households strengthened Zhiyi assessed households, households Golding multi dangerous road, which also promotes the separation of the analysis of production process. Therefore, in the context of the transformation of the mode of taxes and corvee levied, the mentality of the people in a drive Lee Nourishing early separation of the objective to reduce collateral kinship family, so the family left lineal consanguinity. Family changes and tax Battle levied way the changes affect each way to the changes in family structure, the overall direction of the change is to tend to the parent, lineal family exclusion of the female line, collateral consanguinity.