The Research on Discipline-crossing Based on the Nobel Science
|Course||Philosophy of Science and Technology|
|Keywords||Interdisciplinary Nobel Prize in Natural Science Type Formation mechanism Subject|
The development of modern science and technology increasingly presented a multi-disciplinary cross each other, mutual penetration , highly integrated development trend . Organize, summarize the results of previous studies based on the results of the 1901-2000 Nobel Science Prize winning interdisciplinary statistics and case studies from the type of interdisciplinary , formation mechanism and the main aspects are discussed in an attempt to reveal the interdisciplinary with the regularity of things , and a preliminary analysis of the development of interdisciplinary and made ??some suggestions . Interdisciplinary disciplines phenomenon due to society or their own development needs , lateral organic links appear . Specific performance of the organic integration of the process of mutual penetration between two or more than two disciplines , through various forms of cross so that it merging . Interdisciplinary in accordance with the form of cross- transplant graft can be divided into complementary communion chain radiation and convergence set to focus on four types . These types of interdisciplinary showing its own characteristics. Interdisciplinary formation mechanism is divided into external power and internal power . External power mainly refers to the needs of the community , the internal dynamics mainly refers to the subjects of their own development needs . Enterprises, research institutions and research universities is to promote interdisciplinary subject , research university is the most important subject , because compared with other organizations , research university with an unparalleled advantage in promoting the development of interdisciplinary aspects . Research universities in promoting subjects mainly in three ways : institutional innovation , to adjust the curriculum and the establishment of interdisciplinary research institutions .