A Study of Vagueness in Legal English from Pragmatic Perspective
|Course||Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics|
|Keywords||Legal English Fuzziness Pragmatic Analysis|
The laws English is the common law countries, legislative, judicial and law enforcement whole process of gradually formed. Legal English as a language branch Statute, has a unique style of language, of which the most important feature is the precise wording. However, legal provisions and judicial practice, the legal English use fuzzy words phenomenon abound. In fact, blurring the legal English has attracted the attention of many scholars. Foreign scholars for legal English fuzzy, multi-relationship of fuzzy and accuracy of legal English fuzziness exists, and the vagueness of the existence of the legal system. Aidi test (Endicott) that the the legal English vagueness will lead to the uncertainty of the legal rights and obligations; intrinsic properties of the ambiguity not only legal English, it is necessary for the purposes of the law. Domestic DU GOLDBOND from legal English accuracy and fuzzy relationship fuzziness exists fuzziness eliminate, judicial English deterministic performance as well as the activities of the Tribunal in language features discussed legal English fuzziness. Fidelity is the author discussed the causes and nature of the vagueness of legal English. On the basis of previous studies, focuses on legal English containing Legislative English and judicial English using fuzzy language terminology theories. Legislation English is reasonably accurate, of course, but legislators have to choose the precise language possible in this vague expression of its intent and purpose is to delve into Language Adaptation Theory precisely legislators this language selection theoretical explanation. Adaptation Theory, in accordance with the language of the Treviso Thelen using vague language in the legislation is the result of legislators language selection and linguistic adaptation. I chose to conform to the two objects from the structure to conform to and Contextual Relevance Analysis of the legislators in the Legislative motivation for using fuzzy language. Adapt aspects of the structure of the object of the legislators in the legislative language structure at all levels will select the appropriate fuzzy language to achieve legislative language structure conform; the Contextual Relevance compliance, legislators in the process of using the language, always consider to the impact of the social context and psychological context and physical context, lawmakers fuzzy language choice precisely reflect conform to these three non-verbal context. Implied use of vague language in legal English is relatively flexible, the outstanding performance of its flexibility legal speech act participants to use vague language to convey their discourse in order to achieve the specific purpose of communication. The implications of its implementation way of discourse is the conversational implicature theory and principles of cooperation in the study. Therefore, the To explore legal speech act participants how to use vague language to achieve its purpose of communication, the author uses a conversational implicature theory and principles of cooperation on the analysis of judicial English. Which legal phenomenon \The purpose of the special communicative effects that deliberately hidden information, courtesy, persuasion, self-protection, and fill information gaps. In this paper, the vagueness of the language of legal English analysis can enrich existing legal ambiguity of the English content, to expand the scope of the research in the field, to help people better understand, master and apply the law English, so greatly practical significance.