Analysis of the Large Farmer-Households’ Autonomy-Conduct in Selection and Application of Science and Technology Process
|School||Huazhong Agricultural University|
|Keywords||the Large Farmer-households Selection and Application of Science and Technology Process Autonomy-conduct|
At present, the agricultural sector services for ten million decentralized management and various needs of small farmers, organizations not only difficult, but also high cost. And the conflicts which promote the great majority of small farmers and social benefits of agricultural receipts in limited were also seriously affected the efficiency of agricultural extension, Agricultural science and technology, how to transfer to farmers is the most urgent task before us. Farmers, as agricultural production and operation of the micro-the most basic unit, as a new agricultural technology end-users, their awareness on the new technology, understanding and decision-making and choosing have a very direct role on the new agricultural technology dissemination, using and its effects. Studying the conduct of farmers’ selection and application of agricultural science and technology and according to their characteristics innovative ways to promote agricultural science and technology and its achievements is a inevitable requirement in the new era. While the large farmer households as a large concentration of carrier and the representative of new productive forces, its emergence and development is the inevitable development of market economy, is another mode of operation of innovation. After the household contract and the township enterprises. Well-knowing local agricultural environment, understanding crop growth characteristics, having a long accumulation of life experience for local production, the large farmer households show great sensitive to agricultural science and technology, so carefully studying the large farmer households emerged to explore effective ways to promote agricultural science and technology extension in line with the national conditions of China at this stage have important theoretical and practical significance.Firstly, the study elaborated the objective, the significance, the framework, method and the content of the study on the basis of reviewing extensively a series of achievements related to this research field.Secondly, having a comparative analysis on the larger farmer households and the ordinary ones in agricultural science and technology awareness, decision-making, using, and other conducts carried out. Study found that the large farmer households compared to the ordinary ones know and use the new technology more consciously, moreover the using intensity is stronger. In the entire agricultural science and technology selection and application process, this part of farmers continue to actively search for information, and their demands for new agricultural technology and investment risks have shown obvious difference compare to the ordinary ones.Thirdly, analysis of the large farmer households’ autonomy conducts during their selection and application of agricultural science and technology process, after decomposition of the autonomy-conducts. The results shows that the large farmer households select and apply agricultural science and technology spontaneously, initiatively, creativity and promptly, their selection and application of agricultural science and technology is a process of continuous exploration, self-adaptation, self-adjustment, and self-innovation.Finally, on the basis of empirical research, the study concluded assumption was verified, raised the basic conclusions of this study, on this basis, on how to nurture and develop major, major support for further promotion of agricultural science and technology to make recommendations and review the study further study and prospects.