WTO trade facilitation rules
|School||Southwest University of Political Science|
|Keywords||WTO Trade facilitation Trade facilitation system of rules Negotiation|
With the GATT by the significant progress made in the reduction of tariffs, the WTO was officially established, and in full swing, the emerging international economic integration movement, has become a trend toward liberalization of world trade. In this trend, however, international trade protectionism day did not stop the trade protection measures also undergone a major change, hidden strong significant barrier less transparent \Complex, opaque customs procedures is one of this \Rationalization of trade management program to reduce and eliminate obstacles hinder the elements of cross-border flow, reduce transaction costs, create a simple, coordinated, efficient trading system achieve trade facilitation become an important topic in the field of world trade. \basis to start negotiations on trade facilitation. , Negotiation has entered a substantive stage to clarify and improve the relevant provisions due to the impact of other issues and in a suspended state. Negotiations on trade facilitation negotiations on China's accession to the WTO has been involved throughout, as a foreign trade has developed rapidly trading power, trade facilitation has important theoretical and practical significance for China. This paper uses the historical analysis, the provisions of analysis, comparative studies such as trade facilitation issues the proposed starting point, first of all introduce the WTO in the current trade facilitation rules and the rules of the main content analysis of the WTO existing trade facilitation defects of rules. Recommendations on how to improve and perfect the existing WTO trade facilitation rules. Then, focuses on trade facilitation as a separate issue within the framework of the WTO negotiating process and the focus of the negotiations, the publication and implementation of the system of the members of the party are more concerned about the freedom of transit system, import and export fees and procedures for system, trade regulations, about trade facilitation needs and priorities, as well as technical assistance and capacity building support system were discussed in detail. Finally, the authors analyze the trade facilitation to improve the opportunities and challenges of the process to bring China, the Chinese the applicable trade facilitation rules exist, should take the position of China in the negotiations on trade facilitation, and how to promote trade facilitation rules applicable in China given their own proposals. The full text of more than six thousand 34,000 words, in addition to the introduction of four parts, as follows: the first part of the WTO trade facilitation issues. First introduce the background of trade facilitation, trade facilitation, economic globalization and post-tariff era is the era of economic development objective need. And then on the basis of relatively few large international organizations, the definition of trade facilitation, defined the concept of trade facilitation. Followed by further parsing of the concept of trade facilitation, trade facilitation including technical coordination, legal coordination and differential treatment three aspects. Finally, the analysis of the significance of trade facilitation on the government, businessmen and consumers. Trade facilitation to save the cost of government management, greatly improved the investment environment, and continue to attract foreign investment; It also reduces trade costs, avoid risks and create more business opportunities for traders; consumers can enjoy due The traders operating costs lower and buy into the benefits of lower-priced goods. The second part of the \First, the existing rules and trade facilitation in the WTO framework is outlined, and then focuses on the existing rules \The rules also gave a brief overview. Then, the focus of analysis of the defects of the current WTO trade facilitation rules. The main drawback of the existing WTO trade facilitation rules yet a system of rules of trade facilitation, many of the rules messy being dispersed in a number of agreements, many of the rules are too principled and abstract, not operable, and lack of coordination. Finally, put forward their own suggestions on how to improve and perfect the existing WTO trade facilitation rules. The third part of the WTO negotiations on trade facilitation. The first review of the WTO negotiations on trade facilitation process, from the 1996 Singapore Ministerial Conference play on the previous negotiations in the WTO General Council in 2004 and the progress in the area of ??trade facilitation. Despite being hindered factors Doha negotiations, as part of the \the question to some extent in line with the common interests of all parties, on the other hand, because the WTO is the best platform for development of multilateral trade rules. The fourth part of the WTO trade facilitation rules and China. \Theoretical research to guide practice, the end result of the WTO trade facilitation rules research for guidance in the field of practice. Trade facilitation to China as a trading power, has brought opportunities and challenges, China should actively participate in the negotiations of the next WTO trade facilitation rules. It helps to promote China's foreign trade and industrial structure adjustment, to help reform the existing unreasonable management system, to promote the reform of China Customs. But the trading system and regulations, government departments, the modernization of the customs department, infrastructure, capital, equipment investment in efforts for a challenge. Adapt to WTO trade facilitation rules exist many problems: lack of knowledge of the trade facilitation; trade laws and regulations are not complete and transparency needs to be improved; lack of coordination between the various departments of trade facilitation; capacity building required technology, human resources, and lack of funding. To solve these problems, I propose a solution: the degree of attention and publicity efforts to enhance trade facilitation; enhance the transparency of China's laws and regulations; harmonization of trade facilitation and port management legal system; specifically related to the collection of fees and costs provisions; strengthen Cooperation with other countries and regions; reform the goods control mode, to improve the speed of clearance; strengthen technical assistance and capacity building.