A Study on the Psychological Stress and Coping Styles of National Defense College Students in Chongqing
|Keywords||National Defense College Students Psychological Stress Coping Styles|
According to the need of the army’construction, the national defense college students is refers to the young students who depends on the ordinary of colleges by the army from to participate in the national university to unify in the General-studies middle school graduating high school students who recruitment of students test recruit and raise, or from the undergraduate students and graduate students who are selected and raised in the universities. The national defense college students in the ordinary university belongs to special community, have shouldered dissimilar responsibility compare to the ordinary college students, they are playing“the dual statuses”and undertaking“the dual missions”, in school period, besides studies this specialized all curriculum, they must participate in the military training and the military theory study, they are withstanding from the study and the life various stress. How much are their stress on earth, How do they face and adopt ways to deal with the stress generally? In order to clarify a series of questions, this research used the literature analytic method, the questionnaire survey, the interview and so on many kinds of methods to establish " The National Defense College Students’Pychological Stress Questionnaire" and " The National Defense College Students’Coping Way Questionnaire", and has carried on the investigation to 402 national defense college students in Chongqing. Through to analysing and processing the questionnaire data recycled, this research obtains the following conclusion finally:①National defense college students psychological stress questionnaire including seven dimensions:Self-development stress, twofold tasks stress, interpersonal communication stress, study achievements stress, daily life stress, interpersonal relationship stress, study content stress; National defense college students coping ways questionnaire including five dimensions: The initiative solution, the seeking helps, the restraint and patient, the optimistic explanation, the positive shift. Two questionnaires have the good reliability and validity.②The national defense college students’psychological stress is not big, in the medium under level, the most tremendous stress is the study achievements stress, next is the self-development stress. In grade, place, whether the student cadre, the parents’education, the family financial circumstances, the family member’s relation, the national defense college students’psychological overall stress and partial factor exist significance difference. The grade in the national defense college students’the self-development stress, the twofold tasks stress, the study achievements stress, the daily life stress, the human communication stress, the study content stress factors have the extremely remarkable independence main effect.③The national defense college students mainly adopts positively cope with the stress. In grade, source, whether single child, whether the student cadre, the family member’s relation, the national defense college students’s the overall coping styles and the partial coping styles factor exist significance difference. The grade in the factors of initiative solution, optimistic explanation and positive shift show extremely remarkable main effect.④Generally speaking, coping styles and psychological stress dimensions are certainly related. Psychological stress seven factors have the significant predicting power to the coping styles’different dimensions.